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.
INTRO. TO
PHILOSOPHY
SYLLABUS




PART ONE



INTRODUCTION AND ORGANIZATION (August 31)


WHAT IS PHILOSOPHY? (Sept. 4-7)

  • Bertrand Russell (1872-1970) , "The Value of Philosophy," pp. 9-12) in Perry and Bratman, INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY (hereafter "ITP") Full Text from which Russell's Essay is Excerpted Online: The Problems of Philosophy .
  • J.J.C. Smart (1920 - ), "The Province of Philosophy" in ITP, pp. 12-20
  • Thomas Nagel (1937 - ), " The Absurd " in ITP, pp. 20-27
  • Plato (428-348 B. C.) , Apology: Defense of Socrates in ITP, pp. 27-42
    Full Seachable Text with Notes, References, Maps, and Discussion Online of Plato's Apology .


    THE EXISTENCE OF GOD: THE ONTOLOGICAL ARGUMENT (Sept. 11 )

  • Anselm (1033-1109), "The Ontological Argument," in ITP pp. 45-47
    Full Text Online of Anselm's Proslogion .


    THE EXISTENCE OF GOD: AQUINAS' FIVE WAYS (Sept. 11)

  • Aquinas (1033-1109), "The Existence of God," in ITP pp. 47-49
    Full Text Online of Aquinas' Proof of the Existence of God from his Summa Theologica
  • Samuel Clarke (1675-1725), "A Modern Formulation of the Cosmological Argument" (Class Handout)


    THE DESIGN ARGUMENT (Sept. 11)

  • David Hume (1711-1776) , Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion in ITP pp. 57-91
    Full Text Online of Hume's Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion.
  • William Paley (1734-1805), "The Argument from Design" from Paley's Natural Theology (Class Handout)
    A Brief Critique of Paley's Argument
    A Brief Summary Paley's Argument
    What's Wrong with It?
  • Stephen Jay Gould , "The Panda's Thumb" (Class Handout) Web Exhibit
  • Stephen Jay Gould , "Senseless History" (Class Handout)


    THE PROBLEM OF EVIL (Sept. 14)

  • Gottfried Leibniz (1646-1716), "God, Evil, and the Best of All Possible Worlds," in ITP pp. 91-93
  • Nelson Pike (1930 - ), "Hume on Evil" in ITP pp. 93-102
    Full Text Online of Pike's Essay.
  • J. L. Mackie , "Evil and Omnipotence" in ITP pp. 103-110
    Full Text Online of Mackie's Essay.


    PASCAL'S WAGER (Sept.. 21)

  • Blaise Pascal (1623-1662), " The Wager ," in ITP pp. 49-52


    REASON AND BELIEF (Sept. 21)

  • Bertrand Russell (1872-1970), " Why I Am Not a Theist (a Christian) ," in ITP pp. 53-56
    Full Text Online of Russell's Essay.

  • A. J. Ayer (1910-1990), "The Meaningless of Religious Discourse" (Class Handout)


    FAITH AND SUBJECTIVITY (Sept. 21)

  • William James (1842-1910), "The Will To Believe," (Class Handout)
    Full Text Online of James' Essay.


    Paper topics for the first paper will be handed out on Friday, September 21st. Papers are due on Friday, October 5th, in class.







  • PART TWO



    Week 6: The Mind- Body Problem (Oct. 5)
    Bertrand Russell, "The Argument from Analogy for Other Minds"
    Gilbert Ryle, "Descartes's Myth"
    David M. Armstrong, "The Nature of Mind"
    David Lewis, "Mad Pain and Martian Pain"
    Daniel Dennett, "Intentional Systems"
    Paul M. Churchland, "Eliminative Materialism"
    in Perry & Bratman, INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY, pp. 314-353


    Class will not meet on Tuesday, October 2nd, of this week.


    Week 7: Minds, Bodies and Machines (Oct. 8 )
    Hilary Putnam, "Turing Machines"
    A.M. Turing, "Computing Machinery and Intelligence"
    John K. Searle, "Minds, Brains, and Programs"
    in Perry & Bratman, INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY, pp. 354-381


    Class will meet on Monday of this week.


    Consciousness (Oct. 12)
    Thomas Nagel, "What Is It Like to Be a Bat?"
    Frank Jackson, "What Mary Didn't Know"
    David Lewis, "Knowing What It's Like"
    in Perry & Bratman, INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY, pp. 382-395


    First papers are due on Friday, October, the 12th, in class.


    Week 8: Personal Identity (Oct. 16)
    John Perry, "A Dialogue on Personal Identity and Immortality"
    in Perry & Bratman, INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY, pp. 396-416


    Freedom, Determinism, and Responsibility (Oct. 19)
    C. A. Campbell, "Has the Self 'Free Will'?"
    David Hume, "Of Liberty and Necessity"
    Richard Taylor, "Freedom and Determinism"
    Harry G. Frankfurt, "Freedom of the Will and the Concept of a Person"
    Peter Strawson, "Freedom and Resentment"
    in Perry & Bratman, INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY, pp. 417-473


    Paper topics for the second paper will be handed
    out on Friday, October 19th. Papers are due
    on Tuesday, October 30th, in class
    .






    PART THREE



    Week 9: Classics of Epistemology (I) (Oct. 23)
    Rene Descartes, Meditations on First Philosophy
    in Perry & Bratman, INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY


    Classics of Epistemology (II) (Oct. 26) George Berkeley, Three Dialogues Between Hylas and Philonous
    in Perry & Bratman, INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY


    Week 10: Classics of Epistemology (III) (Oct. 30)
    David Hume, "Of Scepticism with Regard to the Senses"
    David Hume, An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding
    in Perry & Bratman, INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY


    Perception (Nov. 2)
    A. J. Ayer, "The Argument from Illusion"
    J.L. Austin, "The Argument from Illusion"
    in Perry & Bratman, INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY


    Papers for the second paper topic are due on Tuesday, October 30th.


    Week 11: Causation(Nov. 6)
    G.E.M. Anscombe, "Causality and Determination"
    in Perry & Bratman, INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY


    Induction (also Nov. 6)
    W.C. Salmon, "The Problem of Induction"
    in Perry & Bratman, INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY


    Scientific Explanation (Nov. 9)
    Carl G. Hempel, "Laws and Their Role in Scientific Explanation"
    Paul Feyerabend, "How to Defend Society Against Science"
    Elizabeth Anderson, "Knowledge, Human Interests, andmObjectivity in Feminist Epistemology"
    in Perry & Bratman, INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY


    Paper Topics for the third paper will be handed out on Friday, November 9th.
    Papers are due on Tuesday, November 20th, in class.






    PART FOUR



    Week 12: Utilitarianism (Nov. 13)
    Jeremy Bentham, "The Principle of Utility"
    John Stuart Mill, Utilitarianism
    E.F.Carritt, "Criticisms of Utilitarianism"
    J.J.C. Smart, "Extreme and Restricted Utilitarianism"
    Bernard Williams, "Utilitarianism and Integrity"
    in Perry & Bratman, INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY


    Kantian Ethics (Nov. 16)
    Immanuel Kant, Groundwork of the Metaphysic of Morals
    in Perry & Bratman, INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY


    Week 13: Aristotelian Ethics (Nov. 20)
    Aristotle, Nichomachean Ethics
    Thomas Nagel, "Aristotle on Eudaimonia"
    in Perry & Bratman, INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY


    The Third Paper is due in class on Tuesday, Nov. 20th.


    Thanksgiving Recess(Nov. 22-23)
    CLASSES WILL NOT MEET ON THURSDAY and FRIDAY


    Week 14: Justice and Equality (Nov. 27)
    John Rawls, A Theory of Justice
    Robert Nozick, "Justice and Entitlement"
    G.A. Cohen, "Where the Action Is: On the Site of Distributive Justice"
    Samuel Scheffler, "Responsibility, Reactive Attitudes, and Liberalism in Philosophy and Politics"
    in Perry & Bratman, INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY


    Challenges to Morality (Nov. 30)
    Plato, The Republic
    David Hume, An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals
    David Gauthier, "Morality and Advantage"
    J.L. Mackie, "The Law of the Jungle"
    J.L. Mackie, "The Subjectivity of Values"
    Gilbert Harman, "Ethics and Observation"
    Nicholas L. Sturgeon, "Moral Explanations"
    in Perry & Bratman, INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY


    Week 15: Applied and Practical Ethics (Dec. 4 )
    Thomas Nagel, "War and Massacre"
    Peter Singer, "Famine, Affluence, and Morality"
    Onora O'Neill, "Kantian Approaches to Some Famine Problems"
    Rosalind Hursthouse, "Virtue Theory and Abortion"
    John Stuart Mill, The Subjection of Women
    Debra Satz, "Markerts in Women's Reproductive Labor"
    Kwame Anthony Appiah, "Racisms"
    in Perry & Bratman, INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY
    >


    There will be a quiz in class on Tuesday, December 4th


    Paper topics for the fourth paper will be handed
    out on Friday, December 7th. The fourth
    paper is due on Monday, December 17th by 4:30 PM in the
    Philosophy Department Main Office in Rabb 305.


    Last Class meets on Friday, the 7th of December.


    WEEK 16: Exam Week Begins (Dec. 10th) Discussion sections will be held on Tuesday, December 10th.>/i>


    WEEK 17: Final Paper (Dec. 17th)The fourth and final paper is due on Monday, December 17th
    by 4:30 PM in the Philosophy Department Main Office in Rabb 305.




     

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    Page last edited: December 18, 1999