Traditional Arguments for the Existence of God
THE PROBLEM OF EVIL (Sept. 11)
Dostoevsky (1821-1881), "Rebellion," in R+R, pp. 79-85 in
B. C. Johnson, "God and the Problem of Evil" in R+R, pp. 85-89
Richard Swinburne. "Why God Allows Evil" from Is There a God? in R+R, 89-97
EVIDENCE AND BELIEF (Sept. 13)
Kelly James Clark, "Without Evidence or Argument," in R+R, pp. 110-14
Antony Flew, "The Invisible Gardener"
Text of Flew's "parable" is also embedded in the first Paper Topic from summer before last
R. M. Hare and Basil Mitchell, "Bliks" and "Partisans" Online
embedded in the first Paper Topic from summer before last.
Bertrand Russell (1872-1970), " Why I Am Not a Theist (a Christian) (Class Handout)
Full Text of Russell's Essay Online.
THE DESIGN ARGUMENT (Sept. 14)
William Paley (1734-1805), "The Argument from Design" from Paley's Natural Theology in R+R, pp. 32-37
David Hume (1711-1776) , Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion in R+R pp. 37-71
Full Text of Hume's Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion ONLINE
Stephen Jay Gould , "The Panda's Thumb" (Class Handout)
THE EXISTENCE OF GOD: THE ONTOLOGICAL ARGUMENT (Sept. 18)
Anselm (1033-1109), "The Ontological Argument," pp. 6-8 in
REASON AND RESPONSIBILITY: Readings in Some Basic Problems of Philosophy,
12th edition, Feinberg and Shafer-Landau (eds.), Wadsworth, 2005 (hereafter "R+R")
Full Text Online of Anselm's Proslogion .
Gaunilo, "On Behalf of the Fool." In R+R, pp. 8-11
Full Text Online of Gaunilo's Response to Anselm's Argument On Behalf of the Fool.
As well as Anselm's "Reply to Gaunilo"
William Rowe, "The Ontological Argument," in R+R, pp. 11-21
THE EXISTENCE OF GOD: AQUINAS' FIVE WAYS (Sept. 18)
Aquinas (1225-1274), "The Existence of God," in R+R pp. 47-49
Full Text Online of Aquinas' Proof of the Existence of God from his Summa Theologica
Samuel Clarke (1675-1725) , "A Modern Formulation of the Cosmological Argument" in R+R pp. 22-23
William Rowe, "The Cosmological Argument," in R+R, pp. 23-32
REPORTS, MIRACLES AND RELIGIOUS EXPERIENCE (Sept. 18)
Simon Blackburn , "Miracles and Testimony" in R+R, pp. 118-23
PASCAL'S WAGER (Sept. 20)
Blaise Pascal (1623-1662), " The Wager ," in R+R pp. 49-52
FAITH AND SUBJECTIVITY (Sept. 21)
W. K. Clifford (1845-1879) , "The Ethics of Belief" in R+R, pp. 97-101
William James (1842-1910), "The Will To Believe" [excerpt]" in R+R, pp. 101-110
Full Text Online of James's essay: "The Will To Believe".
Paper topics for the first paper will be handed out in class on Thursday. September the 21st.
Papers are due on Wednesday, October the 4th, in class.
The Paper Topic will also be posted ONLINE on the 21st
and you can access the Topic by Clicking HERE.
The Paper Topic handed out in the summer
(the summer of 2004) is currently online.
PART TWO -
PART THREE -