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INTRODUCTION
TO PHILOSOPHY
SYLLABUS




PART FOUR




WHAT IS MORALITY? (Nov. 16)

  • "Baby Theresa" (Florida Supreme Court 1992)(Class Handout)
  • "Baby Jane Doe" (New York State Supreme Court, 1983) (Class Handout)
  • "The Tracy Latimer Case: Saskatchewan, Canada) (Class Handout
    for a discussion of ways to define morality,
    see Bernard Gert's entry on "The Definition of Morality"
    in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.


    WHY BE MORAL? (Nov. 19)

  • Joel Feinberg, "Psychological Egoism"
  • James Rachels, "Ethical Egoism"
    in REASON AND RESPONSIBILITY, pp. 476-495.
  • Russ Shafer Landau, "Ethical Subjectivism"
    the complete text of Shafer-Landau's article can also be
    found ONLINE on Shafer-Landau's Home Page.
  • Mary Midgley, "Trying Out One's New Sword"
    in REASON AND RESPONSIBILITY, pp. 476-495.
    For a brief overview of psychological egoism and ethical egoism
    see Robert Shaver's entries on "Psychological Egoism" and "Ethical Egoism"
    in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy and for an
    Overview of moral relativism see Chris Gowans's entry on "Moral Relativism"
    also in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy


    UTILITARIANISM: FOR AND AGAINST (Nov. 23)

  • "John in the Amazon" Class Handout and ONLINE
  • Michael Levin , "The Case for Torture" Class Handout and ONLINE
  • "The Case of the Speluncaean Explorers" Class Handout and ONLINE
  • John Stuart Mill (1806-1873) , Utilitarianism, Chapters One and Two
    in REASON AND RESPONSIBILITY, pp. 594-607
    Full text of Mill's Utilitarianism Online.
    For an Overview of Utilitarianism see Walter Sinot-Armstrong's entry
    on "Consequentialism" in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy and for an
    Overview of John Stuart Mill's special brand of utilitarianism,
    see Fred Wilson's entry on Mill's "Moral Philosophy"
    also in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.


    Third papers are due, at the latest, by 5:00 PM on Wednesday, November 24th,
    in the Philosophy Department Main Office (RABB 305).


    THANKSGIVING (Nov. 25-26)
    Take the Quiz
    Classes will not meet on Thursday and Friday of this week.


    KANTIAN ETHICS (Nov. 30)

  • Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) , The Groundwork of the Metaphysic of Morals in REASON AND RESPONSIBILITY, pp. 579-593
    Full text of Kant's Groundwork of the Metaphysic of Morals Online. And for an
    Overview of Kant's Theory of Morality, see Richard Johnson's entry
    on "Kant's Moral Philosophy" in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.


    DOES MORALITY DEPEND ON RELIGION? (Nov. 30)

  • Philip L. Quinn , "God and Morality"
    in REASON AND RESPONSIBILITY, pp. 564-579
    For an Overview and Critique of Quinn's divine command theory of morality,
    see the entry on "The Dviine Command Theory of Morality"
    in the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.


    ARISTOTELIAN ETHICS (Dec. 3)

  • Aristotle (384-322 BCE) , Nichomachean Ethics
    in REASON AND RESPONSIBILITY, pp. 525-541
    Full text of Aristotle's Nichomachean Ethics Online.
    and for an Overview of virtue theories, see Rosalind Hursthouse's entry
    on "Virtue Ethics" in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.


    THE IDEA OF A SOCIAL CONTRACT (Dec. 3)

  • Thomas Hobbes(1588-1679) , The Leviathan (selections)
    in REASON AND RESPONSIBILITY, pp. 541-554
    Full text of Hobbes' Leviathan Online and for an
    Overview of Hobbes' view, see Sharon Lloyd's entry
    on "Hobbes's Moral and Political Philosophy"
    in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  • "A Prisoner's Dilemma" (Class Handout)
    see, too, the Interactive Version of The Prisoner's Dilemma
    Online on the BBC's Web Site. [Shockwave Required]
  • John Rawls (1921-2003) , A Theory of Justice (selections)
    in REASON AND RESPONSIBILITY, pp. 554-564
    see also John Rawls's article "Justice as Fariness" [Brandeis Access Only]
    which lays out an early version of the theory and for an
    Overview of more recent social contract theories, see Fred D'Agostino's entry
    on "Contemporary Approaches to Social Contract Theory"
    in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.


    FEMINISM AND ETHICS OF CARE (Dec. 3)

  • Annette Baier , "The Ethics of Care" (Class Handout)
    for an Overview of gender issues and ethics
    see Rosemary Tong's entry on "Feminist Ethics"
    in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.


    APPLIED AND PRACTICAL ETHICS (Dec. 7th + 10th)

    (a) World Hunger and Famine Relief

  • Peter Singer, "Famine, Affluence and Morality"
    in REASON AND RESPONSIBILITY, pp. 631-639
    Full text of Singer's "Famine, Affluence and Morality" [Brandeis Access Only]
    Originally published in The Philosophical Review, Vol. 76, No. 4. (Oct., 1967), pp. 460-475.
    See also a further discussion: "The Singer Solution to World Poverty" is available Online
    Originally published in The New York Times Sunday Magazine (September 5, 1999)..
  • Onora O'Neill , "Kantian Approaches to Some Famine Problems"
    in REASON AND RESPONSIBILITY, pp. 639-645
    see, too, the STUDY GUIDE online for THE FINAL EXAM
    for the Intro class taught at Harvard University in the Summer.

    (b) Abortion For and Against

  • Judith Thomson, " In Defense of Abortion,"
    in REASON AND RESPONSIBILITY, pp. 667-677 and also
    in Philosophy and Public Affairs, Vol. 1, No. 1. (Autumn, 1971)
    ONLINE: CLICK HERE
    [Brandeis Access Only]
  • Don Marquis , "The Argument That Abortion is Wrong"
    in REASON AND RESPONSIBILITY, pp. 677-687
    Full text of Marquis's article"Why Abortion Is Immoral" [Brandeis Access Only] ,
    laying out an early version of Marquis's argument

    (c) Do Animals Have Rights?

  • Peter Singer, "All Animals Are Equal"
    in REASON AND RESPONSIBILITY, pp. 654-666

    There will be a quiz in class on Tuesday, December 7th.

    Paper topics for the fourth and final paper will be handed out after the quiz.

    The fourth paper is due on Monday, December 20th by 4:00 PM
    in the Philosophy Department Main Office in Rabb 305..

    Quizes (graded) will be handed back on Friday, December 10th, in class.


    STUDY DAY/EXAMINATION PERIOD BEGINS (December 13)
    Discussion sessions will be held Monday, December 13th. (Times TBA)


    FINAL PAPER/EXAMINATION PERIOD ENDS (December 20)
    The fourth and final paper is due on Monday, December 20th by 4:00 PM
    in the Philosophy Department Main Office in Rabb 305..

    The FINAL PAPER TOPIC will also be posted ONLINE on the 10th
    and you can access it by clicking HERE.



    PART ONE - PART TWO - PART THREE



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    Page last edited: November 25, 2004