INTRODUCTION AND ORGANIZATION (August 29)
WHAT IS PHILOSOPHY? (Sept. 2)
Bertrand Russell (1872-1970) , "The Value of Philosophy," pp. 9-12) in Perry and Bratman, INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY (hereafter "ITP")
Full Text from which Russell's Essay is Excerpted Online: The Problems of Philosophy
Plato (428-348 B. C.) , Apology: Defense of Socrates in ITP, pp. 27-42
Full Seachable Text with Notes, References, Maps, and Discussion Online of Plato's Apology .
THE EXISTENCE OF GOD: THE ONTOLOGICAL ARGUMENT (Sept. 5)
Anselm (1033-1109), "The Ontological Argument," in ITP pp. 45-47
Full Text Online of Anselm's Proslogion .
THE EXISTENCE OF GOD: AQUINAS' FIVE WAYS (Sept. 9)
Aquinas (1225-1274), "The Existence of God," in ITP pp. 47-49
Full Text Online of Aquinas' Proof of the Existence of God from his Summa Theologica
Samuel Clarke (1675-1725), "A Modern Formulation of the Cosmological Argument" (Class Handout)
THE DESIGN ARGUMENT (Sept. 12)
David Hume (1711-1776) , Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion in ITP pp. 57-91
Full Text Online of Hume's Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion.
William Paley (1734-1805), "The Argument from Design" from Paley's Natural Theology (Class Handout)
Stephen Jay Gould , "The Panda's Thumb" (Class Handout) Web Exhibit
Stephen Jay Gould , "Senseless History" (Class Handout)
THE PROBLEM OF EVIL (Sept. 16)
Gottfried Leibniz (1646-1716), "God, Evil, and the Best of All Possible Worlds," in ITP pp. 91-93
Leibniz on the Problem of Evil from the Stanford Dictionary of Philosophy
Nelson Pike (1930 - ), "Hume on Evil" in ITP pp. 93-102
Also Online "Hume on Evil" (Brandeis access only)
Pike, The Philosophical Review, Vol. 72, No. 2. (Apr., 1963), pp. 180-197
J. L. Mackie , "Evil and Omnipotence" in ITP pp. 103-110
Also Online "Evil and Omnipotence" (Brandeis access only)
Mackie, Mind, New Series, Vol. 64, No. 254. (Apr., 1955), pp. 200-212
PASCAL'S WAGER (Sept. 19)
Blaise Pascal (1623-1662), " The Wager ," in ITP pp. 49-52
REASON AND BELIEF (Sept. 19)
Bertrand Russell (1872-1970), " Why I Am Not a Theist (a Christian) ," in ITP pp. 53-56
Full Text Online of Russell's Essay.
FAITH AND SUBJECTIVITY (Sept. 19)
Soren Kierkegaard (1813-1855), "[The Argument from Faith]" (Class Handout) See also Introduction to Kiekegaard
William James (1842-1910), "The Will To Believe" [excerpt]" (Class Handout) Full Text Online of James's essay: "The Will To Believe".
Paper topics for the first paper will be handed out on Friday, September 19th
Papers are due on Tuesday, September 30th, in class. Sample Paper Topic from last summer's version of the course is online on the Harvard Web Site.
PART TWO -
PART THREE -