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INTRODUCTION
TO PHILOSOPHY
SYLLABUS




PART ONE



INTRODUCTION AND ORGANIZATION (September 3)


WHAT IS PHILOSOPHY? (September 7)
Bertrand Russell (1872-1970) , "The Value of Philosophy," (Class Handout)
Full Text from which Russell's Essay is Can Be Found Online in his The Problems of Philosophy
Chapter 15: "The Value of Philosophy" of PROBLEMS.


THE PROBLEM OF EVIL (September 7)
Dostoevsky (1821-1881), "Rebellion," pp. 79-85 in
REASON AND RESPONSIBILITY: Readings in Some Basic Problems of Philosophy,
12th edition, Feinberg and Schafer-Landau (eds.), Wadsworth, 2005 (hereafter "R+R")
B. C. Johnson, "God and the Problem of Evil" in R+R, pp. 85-89
Richard Swinburne. "Why God Allows Evil" from Is There a God? in R+R, 89-97


THE EXISTENCE OF GOD: THE ONTOLOGICAL ARGUMENT (September 10)
Anselm (1033-1109), "The Ontological Argument," in R+R pp. 6-8
Full Text Online of Anselm's Proslogion .
Gaunilo, "On Behalf of the Fool." In R+R, pp. 8-11
Full Text Online of Gaunilo's Response to Anselm's Argument On Behalf of the Fool.
As well as Anselm's "Reply to Gaunilo"
William Rowe, "The Ontological Argument," in R+R, pp. 11-21


THE EXISTENCE OF GOD: AQUINAS' FIVE WAYS (September 14)
Aquinas (1225-1274), "The Existence of God," in R+R pp. 47-49
Full Text Online of Aquinas' Proof of the Existence of God from his Summa Theologica
Samuel Clarke (1675-1725) , "A Modern Formulation of the Cosmological Argument" in R+R pp. 22-23
William Rowe, "The Cosmological Argument," in R+R, pp. 23-32


THE DESIGN ARGUMENT (September 17)
William Paley (1734-1805), "The Argument from Design" from Paley's Natural Theology in R+R, pp. 32-37
David Hume (1711-1776) , Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion in R+R pp. 37-71
Full Text of Hume's Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion ONLINE
Stephen Jay Gould , "The Panda's Thumb" (Class Handout) Z
Web Exhibit
Stephen Jay Gould , "Senseless History" (Class Handout)


REPORTS, MIRACLES AND RELIGIOUS EXPERIENCE (September 21)
Simon Blackburn , "Miracles and Testimony" in R+R, pp. 118-23


EVIDENCE AND BELIEF (September 21)
Kelly James Clark, "Without Evidence or Argument," in R+R, pp. 110-14
Antony Flew, "The Invisible Gardener" (Class Handout)
Text of Flew's "parable" ONLINE
R. M. Hare and Basil Mitchell, "Bliks" and "Partisans" (ClassHandout)

Bertrand Russell (1872-1970), " Why I Am Not a Theist (a Christian) (Class Handout)
Full Text Online of Russell's Essay.


PASCAL'S WAGER (September 24)

Blaise Pascal (1623-1662), " The Wager ," in R+R pp. 49-52


FAITH AND SUBJECTIVITY (September 24th)
W. K. Clifford (1845-1879) , "The Ethics of Belief" in R+R, pp. 97-101
William James (1842-1910), "The Will To Believe" [excerpt]" in R+R, pp. 101-110
Full Text Online of James's essay: "The Will To Believe".

Paper topics for the first paper will be handed out in class Friday, September 24th Papers are due on Tuesday, October 5th, in class. The Paper Topic will also be posted ONLINE on the 24th and you can access the Paper Topic by Clicking HERE.



PART TWO - PART THREE - PART FOUR



 

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Page last edited: August 25, 2004