THE MYTH OF SISYPHUS
by Albert Camus (1913-1966)
If one believes Homer, Sisyphus was the wisest and most prudent of mortals. According to another
tradition, however, he was disposed to practice the profession of highwayman. I see no contradiction in this.
Opinions differ as to why he became the futile laborer of the underworld. To begin with, he is accused of a
certain levity in regard to the gods. He stole their secrets. Ægina, the daughter of Æsopus, was carried off by
Jupiter. The father was shocked by that disappearance and complained to Sisyphus. He, who knew of the
abduction, offered to tell about it on condition the Æsopus would give water to the citadel of Corinth. To the
celestial thunderbolts he preferred the benediction of water. He was punished for this in the underworld.
Homer tells us also that Sisyphus had put death in chains. Pluto could not endure the sight of his deserted,
silent empire. He dispatched the god of war, who liberated Death from the hands of her conqueror.
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