The Argument Clinic

The folks at the Argument Clinic invite visitors to submit pieces of reasoning for evaluation. See what others have submitted to the site, and access information on arguments and issues to consider in evaluating them. The site is maintained by and is an excellent resource for students of philosophy.

Arguments and their Evaluation

From the authors of the Argument Clinic, this page considers the nature and structure of arguments and their evaluation, aimed at first year philosophy students.

A Brief Guide to Writing Philosophy Papers

This site, part of a collection of resources by Richard Field ( of Northwest Missouri State University, provides some sound advice for students writing philosophy papers. It considers framing your topic, standards of evidence, citation, quotation, footnotes, plagiarism, use of primary and secondary sources, and more.

Constructing a Logical Argument

This page gives an overview of the structure of good arguments, and provides an extensive list of fallacies in arguments. An excellent teaching resource, it is maintained by

Critical Thinking Core Concepts

From Longview Community College, this site provides an excellent introduction to basic logic, including a short history of logic, a discussion of symbolic vs. informal logic, and an introduction to logical vocabulary.

An Email Introduction to Philosophy and Philosophical Thinking

This page represents an experiment by Rick Garlikov (, to see if he can teach philosophy on the net, via email. A number of questions are set out and Rick asks visitors to respond. Interesting responses will be displayed on the page, together with comments from Rick.

Good & Bad in Philosophy Essays mecum/sections/section4/4-1.htm

This page provides some useful insights into what is required in an undergraduate philosophy essay.

Guide to the Study of Philosophy

This site provides information on reading philosophy texts, writing philosophy papers, writing exam essays in philosophy, and more. It is maintained by Garth Kemerling (

Guide for Writing Papers in Philosophy

From Ellen Watson, this page provides a general guide to writing philosophy essays.

How to Write a Philosophy Paper

From Istvan Berkeley, this page provides a guide to writing essays in philosophy, with notes on style, quotations and referencing.

Identifying the Argument of an Essay

This page, from Frank Edler (, provides a tutorial on critical reasoning. It begins with the most basic sense of what an argument is and then builds up to the practice of identifying conclusion and reasons. Finally,it concludes by going through a sample newspaper editorial step by step in order to identify the argument structure of the editorial.

Informal Fallacies

From Charles Ess (, this site provides a guide to logical fallacies, grouped into three sections: fallacies of relevance, fallacies of presumption, and additional fallacies, and written as a guide for undergraduate students.


The treatment of elementary logic on this site, from Garth Kemerling (, closely follows the structure, content, and nomenclature of Copi and Cohen, Introduction to Logic (9th Ed.) (New York: Macmillan, 1994). It includes discussion of: Logical Arguments, Language and Logic, Informal Fallacies, Definition and Meaning, Categorical Propositions, Categorical Syllogisms, Syllogistic in Ordinary Language, Symbolic Representation, Proving Validity and Invalidity, Quantification Theory, Analogical Argument, Causal Reasoning, Scientific Explanation, and Probability.

Paper-Writing Strategies

From J. Hernandez Cruz (, this site provides a tutorial for writing introductory philosophy papers. The tutorial 'is designed to explore one way of making sure that your writing does not obfuscate your philosophical views', and involves a series of links which explore each stage of the writing process.

The Philosopher's Assistant: A Research Guide for Students

Compiled by W. Gordon Snow (, this site aims to aid philosophy students in their research. More specifically, the intent is to provide, in a simple and clear format, high quality internet resources that will be valuable for student research. Some of the resources available here include the following: instructions on how to write a research paper in philosophy; links to classic philosophic texts that can be saved to a disk, printed, or even read on-line; a dictionary; and a manual of style. Perhaps, the most useful resource is the small but growing library of annotated texts. These annotations, written by professional philosophers, can be thought of as classic texts coupled with class lecture notes that clarify the most important issues addressed in the texts.

Philosophical Debates

This page, compiled by Cheryl and Michael Patton ( and part of their Patton's Argument Clinic site, provides a growing bibliography on central philosophical questions such as: What is Knowledge? What is the nature of Reality? What is the relationship between the Mind and the Body? Is there a God? How can Science tell us anything? Links to primary texts available online are also included.

The Philosophy Major

This site, presents a statement concerning the nature of the philosophy major, prepared under the auspices of the Board of Officers of the American Philosophical Association.

So You Want To Pass Your First Philosophy Course?

From Andrew Irvine ( at UBC, this page provides a (partly tongue-in-cheek) guide to writing philosophy papers, and offers advice to students on avoiding plagiarism.

Stephen's Guide to Logical Fallacies

The point of an argument is to give reasons in support of some conclusion. An argument commits a fallacy when the reasons offered do not support the conclusion. These pages, by Stephen Downes (, describe the known logical fallacies, and are an excellent teaching resource.

Tips on Writing a Philosophy Paper

With sections on argumentation, clarity, criticising an argument, style and layout, and more, this guide from Douglas Portmore ( provides useful advice on writing philosophy essays.

Vade Mecum: A Survival Guide for Philosophy Students mecum/

An excellent site aimed at students of philosophy at the University of Edinburgh, but useful to students anywhere with an overview of the study of philosophy, information on how to read logical notation, and a lexicon of philosophical terms. Maintained by Darren Brierton (

What Can You Do With a Philosophy Degree?

If you're wondering how a major in philosophy be useful for your career, consider the information on this page, provided by the Philosophy Dept. at Illinois State University.

This page is an edited version of the Student Resources compiled and maintained at Monash University
by Dey Alexander. Please direct comments and suggestions to Dey Alexander @ The Emerald Elephant..

November 30, 1998

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