Writing with Sources

A Guide for Harvard Students

Gordon Harvey
Expository Writing Program

Copyright 1995
The President and Fellows of Harvard University


Common Questions about Sources
1. Integrating Sources into a Paper
1.1 Three Basic Principles
1.2 Rules for Quoting
1.3 Quoting Blocks
1.4 Using Discursive Notes
2. Citing Sources
2.1 When to Cite
2.2 When Not to Cite
2.3 Methods of Citing
2.4 Acknowledging Uncited Sources
3. Misuse of Sources
3.1 Plagiarism
3.2 Other Ways of Misusing Sources
3.3 Disciplinary Consequences
3.4 How to Avoid High-Risk Situations
Appendix A Placing Citations in your Paper
1. Footnote or endnote style
2. In-text style for the humanities
3. In-text style for the social sciences and sciences
4. Coding style for the sciences
Appendix B Formatting References
1. Basic sources and variants
2. Other articles and short items
3. Other books
4. Other sources
Appendix C Further Information

List of Text Boxes
Mentioning a Title in your Paper
Quoting or Citing a Source you Found Quoted or Cited
Abbreviated Citation for Frequently Used Sources
Avoid All-But Quoting
If You Encounter "Your" Idea in a Source
Citing Electronic Media

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August 2, 1999


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