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.
INTRO. TO
PHILOSOPHY
SYLLABUS




PART FOUR




WHAT IS MORALITY? (Nov. 4)

  • "Baby Theresa" (Florida Supreme Court 1992)(Class Handout)
  • "Baby Jane Doe" (New York State Supreme Court, 1983) (Class Handout)
  • "The Tracy Latimer Case: Saskatchewan, Canada) (Class Handout


    UTILITARIANISM (Nov. 7)

  • Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832) , "The Principle of Utility," in Perry and Bratman, INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY (hereafter "ITP"), pp. 483-86
    Full text of Bentham's Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation Online.
  • John Stuart Mill (1806-1873) , Utilitarianism in ITP, pp. 486-502
    Full text of Mill's Utilitarianism Online.
  • E. F. Carritt, "Criticisms of Utilitarianism" in ITP, pp. 503-05.
  • J. J. C. Smart , "Extreme and Restricted Utilitarianism" in ITP, pp. 505-12.
    Online Text of Smart's "Extreme and Restricted Utilitarianism" (Brandeis access Only)
    from the Philosophical Quarterly, Vol. 6, No. 25. (Oct., 1956), pp. 344-354.
  • Bernard Williams, "Utilitarianism and Integrity," in ITP, pp. 512-20

    [OPTIONAL]

  • Online Text of Morton Kaplan's "Some Problems of the Extreme Utilitarian Position" (Brandeis access Only) from Ethics, Vol. 70, No. 3. (Apr., 1960), pp. 228-232.
  • Online Text of Smart's "Reply to Kaplan" (Brandeis access Only) from Ethics, Vol. 71, No. 2. (Jan., 1961), pp. 133-134.
  • Online Text of Kaplan's "Reply to Smart's Reply: Restricted Utilitarianism" (Brandeis access Only) from Ethics, Vol. 71, No. 4. (Jul., 1961), pp. 301-302.


    KANTIAN ETHICS (Nov. 11)

  • Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) , The Groundwork of the Metaphysic of Morals in ITP, pp. 529-45
    Full text of Kant's Groundwork of the Metaphysic of Morals Online.


    ARISTOTELIAN ETHICS (Nov. 11)

  • Aristotle (384-322 BCE) , Nichomachean Ethics in ITP, pp. 564-79
    Full text of Aristotle's Nichomachean Ethics Online.
  • Thomas Nagel, "Aristotle on Eudaimonia" in ITP, pp. 580-84


    Third papers are due on Tuesday, November 11th, in class.


    JUSTICE AND EQUALITY (Nov. 14)

  • John Rawls , A Theory of Justice in ITP, pp. 598-611. Full text of Original Article Rawls's "Justice as Fairness" that paved the way for the full-blown Theory. First published in The Philosophical Review, Vol. 67, No. 2. (Apr., 1958), pp. 164-194. (Brandeis access Only)
  • Robert Nozick (1938-2002) , "Justice and Entitlement" from Anarchy, State and Utopia in ITP, pp. 611-19. Full text of Article Nozick's "Distributive Justice" that found its way into Chapter 7 Anarchy, State and Utopia. First published in Philosophy and Public Affairs, Vol. 3, No. 1. (Autumn, 1973), pp. 45-126.. (Brandeis access Only)
  • Samuel Scheffler , "Responsibility, Reactive Attitudes, and Liberalism in Philosophy and Politics" in ITP, pp. 633-49. Full text of Scheffler's "Responsibility and Reactive Attitudes" Online (Brandeis access Only). Originally published in Philosophy and Public Affairs, Vol. 21, No. 4. (Autumn, 1992), pp. 299-323


    CHALLENGES TO MORALITY (Nov. 18)

  • Plato, The Republic (excerpts: skim) in ITP, pp. 679-715.
  • David Hume (1711-1776) , An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals (xcerpts: skim) in ITP, pp. 715-39
  • David Gauthier , "Morality and Advantage" in ITP, pp. 739-47.
    Full text of Gauthier's "Morality and Advantage" Online (Brandeis access Only). Originally published in The Philosophical Review, Vol. 76, No. 4. (Oct., 1967), pp. 460-475.
  • J. L. Mackie (1917-1981) "The Law of the Jungle: Moral Alternatives and Principles of Evolution" in ITP, pp. 747-52
    Full text of Mackie's "The Law of the Jungle" is also Online.
  • J. L. Mackie (1917-1981) , "The Subjectivity of Values" in ITP, pp. 753-64
  • Gilbert Harman, "Ethics and Observation" in ITP, pp. 765-68.
  • Nicholas L. Sturgeon, "Moral Explanations" in ITP, pp. 769-84.


    APPLIED AND PRACTICAL ETHICS (Nov. 21)

  • Judith Thomson, " In Defense of Abortion,"Philosophy and Public Affairs, Vol. 1, No. 1. (Autumn, 1971) ONLINE: CLICK HERE [Brandeis access Only]
  • Rosalind Hursthouse, "Virtue Theory and Abortion" in Perry & Bratman, INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY, pp. 584-97
  • John Rawls, Judith Jarvis Thomson, Robert Nozick, Ronald Dworkin, T. M. Scanlon, and Thomas Nagel, "Assisted Suicide" The Philosophers' Brief ONLINE
  • Peter Singer, "Famine, Affluence and Morality" in ITP, pp. 521-28
    Full text of Singer's "Famine, Affluence and Morality" Online (Brandeis access Only).
    Originally published in The Philosophical Review, Vol. 76, No. 4. (Oct., 1967), pp. 460-475.
    Also a further discussion: "The Singer Solution to World Poverty" is available Online
    Originally published in The New York Times Sunday Magazine (September 5, 1999)..
  • Onora O'Neill , "Kantian Approaches to Some Famine Problems" in ITP, pp. 546-51


    There will be a quiz in class on Tuesday, November 21.
    Paper topics for the fourth and final paper will be handed out after the quiz.Br> The fourth paper is due on Monday, December 17th by 4:30 PM in the Philosophy Department Main Office in Rabb 305..


    THANKSGIVING RECSSS (November 27-28)
    Quizes (graded) will be handed back on Tuesday, December 2nd, in class.

    There will be "extra" discussion sections scheduled on Wednesday, Dec. 3rd.


    LAST DAY OF CLASSES (December 2)

  • PHIL S-7 FINAL EXAM will be held at 1:30 PM on TUESDAY, August 12th in EMERSON 105.



    PART ONE - PART TWO - PART THREE



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