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.
INTRO. TO
PHILOSOPHY
SYLLABUS




PART FOUR




WHAT IS MORALITY? (Nov. 4)

  • "Baby Theresa" (Florida Supreme Court 1992)(Class Handout)
  • "Baby Jane Doe" (New York State Supreme Court, 1983) (Class Handout)
  • "The Tracy Latimer Case: Saskatchewan, Canada) (Class Handout


    UTILITARIANISM (Nov. 7)

  • Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832) , "The Principle of Utility," in Perry and Bratman, INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY (hereafter "ITP"), pp. 483-86
    Full text of Bentham's Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation Online.
  • John Stuart Mill (1806-1873) , Utilitarianism in ITP, pp. 486-502
    Full text of Mill's Utilitarianism Online.
  • E. F. Carritt, "Criticisms of Utilitarianism" in ITP, pp. 503-05.
  • J. J. C. Smart , "Extreme and Restricted Utilitarianism" in ITP, pp. 505-12.
    Online Text of Smart's "Extreme and Restricted Utilitarianism" (Brandeis access Only)
    from the Philosophical Quarterly, Vol. 6, No. 25. (Oct., 1956), pp. 344-354.
  • Bernard Williams, "Utilitarianism and Integrity," in ITP, pp. 512-20

    [OPTIONAL]

  • Online Text of Morton Kaplan's "Some Problems of the Extreme Utilitarian Position" (Brandeis access Only) from Ethics, Vol. 70, No. 3. (Apr., 1960), pp. 228-232.
  • Online Text of Smart's "Reply to Kaplan" (Brandeis access Only) from Ethics, Vol. 71, No. 2. (Jan., 1961), pp. 133-134.
  • Online Text of Kaplan's "Reply to Smart's Reply: Restricted Utilitarianism" (Brandeis access Only) from Ethics, Vol. 71, No. 4. (Jul., 1961), pp. 301-302.


    KANTIAN ETHICS (Nov. 11)

  • Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) , The Groundwork of the Metaphysic of Morals in ITP, pp. 529-45
    Full text of Kant's Groundwork of the Metaphysic of Morals Online.


    ARISTOTELIAN ETHICS (Nov. 11)

  • Aristotle (384-322 BCE) , Nichomachean Ethics in ITP, pp. 564-79
    Full text of Aristotle's Nichomachean Ethics Online.
  • Thomas Nagel, "Aristotle on Eudaimonia" in ITP, pp. 580-84


    Third papers are due on Tuesday, November 11th, in class.


    JUSTICE AND EQUALITY (Nov. 14)

  • John Rawls , A Theory of Justice in ITP, pp. 598-611. Full text of Original Article Rawls's "Justice as Fairness" that paved the way for the full-blown Theory. First published in The Philosophical Review, Vol. 67, No. 2. (Apr., 1958), pp. 164-194. (Brandeis access Only)
  • Robert Nozick (1938-2002) , "Justice and Entitlement" from Anarchy, State and Utopia in ITP, pp. 611-19. Full text of Article Nozick's "Distributive Justice" that found its way into Chapter 7 Anarchy, State and Utopia. First published in Philosophy and Public Affairs, Vol. 3, No. 1. (Autumn, 1973), pp. 45-126.. (Brandeis access Only)
  • Samuel Scheffler , "Responsibility, Reactive Attitudes, and Liberalism in Philosophy and Politics" in ITP, pp. 633-49. Full text of Scheffler's "Responsibility and Reactive Attitudes" Online (Brandeis access Only). Originally published in Philosophy and Public Affairs, Vol. 21, No. 4. (Autumn, 1992), pp. 299-323


    CHALLENGES TO MORALITY (Nov. 18)

  • Plato, The Republic (excerpts: skim) in ITP, pp. 679-715.
  • David Hume (1711-1776) , An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals (xcerpts: skim) in ITP, pp. 715-39
  • David Gauthier , "Morality and Advantage" in ITP, pp. 739-47.
    Full text of Gauthier's "Morality and Advantage" Online (Brandeis access Only). Originally published in The Philosophical Review, Vol. 76, No. 4. (Oct., 1967), pp. 460-475.
  • J. L. Mackie (1917-1981) "The Law of the Jungle: Moral Alternatives and Principles of Evolution" in ITP, pp. 747-52
    Full text of Mackie's "The Law of the Jungle" is also Online.
  • J. L. Mackie (1917-1981) , "The Subjectivity of Values" in ITP, pp. 753-64
  • Gilbert Harman, "Ethics and Observation" in ITP, pp. 765-68.
  • Nicholas L. Sturgeon, "Moral Explanations" in ITP, pp. 769-84.


    APPLIED AND PRACTICAL ETHICS (Nov. 21)

  • Judith Thomson, " In Defense of Abortion,"Philosophy and Public Affairs, Vol. 1, No. 1. (Autumn, 1971) ONLINE: CLICK HERE [Brandeis access Only]
  • Rosalind Hursthouse, "Virtue Theory and Abortion" in Perry & Bratman, INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY, pp. 584-97
  • John Rawls, Judith Jarvis Thomson, Robert Nozick, Ronald Dworkin, T. M. Scanlon, and Thomas Nagel, "Assisted Suicide" The Philosophers' Brief ONLINE
  • Peter Singer, "Famine, Affluence and Morality" in ITP, pp. 521-28
    Full text of Singer's "Famine, Affluence and Morality" Online (Brandeis access Only).
    Originally published in The Philosophical Review, Vol. 76, No. 4. (Oct., 1967), pp. 460-475.
    Also a further discussion: "The Singer Solution to World Poverty" is available Online
    Originally published in The New York Times Sunday Magazine (September 5, 1999)..
  • Onora O'Neill , "Kantian Approaches to Some Famine Problems" in ITP, pp. 546-51


    There will be a quiz in class on Tuesday, November 21.
    Paper topics for the fourth and final paper will be handed out after the quiz.
    The fourth paper is due on Monday, December 17th
    by 4:30 PM in the Philosophy Department Main Office in Rabb 305..


    THANKSGIVING RECSSS (November 27-28)
    Quizes (graded) will be handed back on Tuesday, December 2nd, in class.

    There will be "extra" discussion sections scheduled on Wednesday, Dec. 3rd.


    LAST DAY OF CLASSES (December 2)

  • PHIL S-7 FINAL EXAM will be held at 1:30 PM on TUESDAY, August 12th in EMERSON 105.



    PART ONE - PART TWO - PART THREE



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