The Institute for Advanced Technology in the Humanities submits the
following to the National Initiative for Networked Cultural Heritage in
response to NINCH’s June 1, 1999 Request for Proposals, entitled “Guide
to Good Practice in the Digital Representation and Management of Cultural
Heritage Materials.” This cannot legally be considered a formal proposal
without approval from the University of Virginia’s Office of Sponsored
Programs, but we suggest that such approval be sought at a later stage
in this process—for example, when NINCH puts its formal proposal forward
to the actual funding agency.
1.1 Work Plan
Initial survey (July 1999-October 1999)
The NINCH RFP specifies that:
The institutions, practitioners, and projects we would propose to include in that first phase would be chosen from the following after consultation with recognized experts in the archive, museum, library, and humanities computing communities:
1. Amico (David Bearman, Jennifer Trant)
2. Arts and Humanities Data Service (Daniel Greenstein)
3. University of California (Richard Lucier: California Digital Library; Bernie Hurley: Library-Berkeley: MOAII and DLF; Howard Besser and Anne Gilliland-Swetland: UCLA:SLIS; Rick Rinehart: Pacific Film Archive/Berkeley Art Museum)
4. Digital Library Federation (Don Waters or his successor)
5. Library of Congress (Copyright Office, Digital Library)
6. OCLC (Stuart Weibel and Eric Miller: Dublin Core)
7. Cornell University (Anne Kenney, Preservation and Conservation, Olin Library)
8. Research Libraries Group
9. National Endowment for the Humanities
10. The Institute for Museum and Library Services
11. University of Michigan (John Price-Wilkin, JSTOR, MOA; Margaret Hedstrom: digital preservation)
12. The Getty Research Institute, Conservation Institute, and Grant Program
13. Yale University (Paul Conway: preservation)
14. Text Encoding Initiative Consortium (Michael Sperberg-McQueen, TEI editor)
15. CNI (Clifford Lynch and colleagues)
16. Council on Library and Information Resources (Deanna Marcum)
Since a number of the key organizations in this area are located in Washington, D.C., IATH’s proximity to the DC area will help to control travel costs. In other cases, travel could be minimized by planning to conduct some of the interviews at conferences where a number of experts are likely to be present (such as conferences of the Museum Computer Network; the Dublin Core; the CNI; American Library Association; DRH; ACH/ALLC; Society of American Archivists; the ACM Digital Libraries Conference, and others).
IATH proposes to add one more preliminary process to those described above, namely a thorough review of the literature already published on the subjects of best practices in the creation, management, and preservation of digital resources. In particular, the Arts and Humanities Data Service has done a good deal of work in this area in recent years, and we will want to consult their reports as a first step, as well as interviewing Dan Greenstein and others involved in their creation to see what we can learn about the process of composing such a report. Also, we would review the archives of D-Lib Magazine (http://www.dlib.org/dlib.html), as many relevant articles have been published there over the last four years. A representative (but hardly exhaustive) list of other relevant publications would include articles and guides on:
Intellectual, Structural, and Administrative Metadata:
Association for Library Collections and Technical Services
(A division of the American Library Association) Cataloging and Classification Section, Committee on Cataloging: Description and Access, Task Force on Metadata and the Cataloging Rules, Final Report (August 21, 1998)
Consortium for the Computer Interchange of Museum Information’s
"Guide to Best Practice: Dublin Core" (April 2, 1999)
Draft Interim Guidelines for Cataloging Electronic Resources,
Library of Congress, Cataloging Policy and Support Office.
NISO/CLIR/RLG: Technical Metadata Elements for Images Workshop Report, Washington, DC, April 18-19, 1999
Resource Description Framework (RDF) Schema Specification
W3C Proposed Recommendation 03 March 1999
Visual Arts, Museums & Cultural Heritage Metadata
Workshop Report (1997)
Best Practice in the Creation of Digital Cultural Resources:
AHDS Publications Series
Guides to Good Practice in the Creation and Use of Digital Resources
Background Papers and Technical Information from the American
Memory Project, Library of Congress
The Council on Library and Information Resources’ Reports
Best Practices in Managing Digital Cultural Resources:
Arts and Humanities Data Service, "Managing Digital Collections"
Arts and Humanities Data Service, "Digital Preservation:
A Guide to Web Resources"
National Humanities Alliance: Basic Principles For Managing
Intellectual Property In The Digital Environment (March 24, 1997)
The Research Libraries Group’s "Preserving Digital Information:
Final Report and Recommendations"
Society of American Archivists, "Basic Principles for
Managing Intellectual Property in the Digital Environment: An Archival
IATH directors (Unsworth, Pitti, Martin) can perform interviews as appropriate. Electronic production and publication resources are already available at IATH and would not need to be purchased for this project. What is required in order to complete this project is, for the most part, the time and effort of experts and the dedicated efforts of editorial and research assistants. IATH has access to many qualified staff and graduate students, and its directors would be doing the bulk of the work involved in researching and writing this guide. Travel funds will be required for site visits, but since we would be travelling for the most part to high-concentration digital centers (where multiple projects, centers, or individuals could be interviewed) or to conferences (where experts convene), travel could be minimized. We do regard the payment of honoraria to select reviewers of the proposal’s final draft as a desirable resource allocation, under the circumstances.
The Institute for Advanced Technology in the Humanities is perhaps uniquely qualified to conduct this project, inasmuch as its mission, for the last six years, has been to support electronic scholarship and research across the disciplines of the humanities, with long-standing and active projects in history, literature, religious studies, art history, architecture, music, and many other fields. John Unsworth has a decade of experience in editing and in electronic scholarly publishing; Daniel Pitti comes to this effort with two years at IATH and (before that) another five years directing an international effort to establish standards for the electronic description of archival resources (the EAD); Worthy Martin has been technical director at IATH for only a year, but he has long experience in dealing with digital images as an issue in computer science, as well as considerable experience working on University-level task forces formed to address standards and practices. The Institute’s staff has expertise in two- and three-dimensional digital imaging, in the maintenance and publication of SGML-encoded textual resources, in data management strategies, and in migrating cultural resources of all sorts across several generations of operating systems, applications software, and distribution mechanisms. IATH is also one of four international hosts of the TEI Consortium. Few organizations, if any, have the range of technical, academic, and editorial experience that IATH can bring to bear on this project.
Unsworth $86,500 12.5 % of work effort $10,813
Martin $66,600 12.5 % of work effort $8,325
Pitti $66,200 12.5 % of work effort $8,275
Editorial $30,000 50 % of work effort $15,000
Research $20,000 50 % of work effort $10,000
Total Salaries $52,413
Benefits 33.5 %-staff $17,558
23.5 %-faculty $6,442
Total Benefits $24,000
Travel Cost 12 trips @ $1,500 per trip $18,000
Honoraria 5 reviewers @ $1,000 each $5,000
Total Budget $99,413
Worthy N. Martin
of Computer Science
School of Engineering and Applied Science and
Technical Director, Institute for Advanced Technology in the Humanities
University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22903-2442
Phone: (804)982-2202; Fax: (804)982-2214
Date of birth: November 24, 1951
Ph.D. Computer Science University of Texas at Austin,
M.A. Computer Science University of Texas at Austin, 1976
B.A.with honors Mathematics University of Texas at Austin, 1973
1988-present Associate Professor, Dept. of Computer Science,
University of Virginia
1982-1988 Assistant Professor, Dept. of Computer Science, University of Virginia
1981-1982 Instructor, Dept. of Computer Science, University of Texas - Austin
1975-1981 Research Asst. (J.K. Aggarwal, Sup.), University of Texas - Austin
Senior Member, Institute for Electrical and Electronics
IEEE Computer Society
Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)
American Association for Artificial Intelligence (AAAI)
International Society for Genetic Algorithms (ISGA)
Technical Committee for Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, IEEE
Program Committee, International Conference on Genetic Algorithms 1997 & 1995
Co-Chair, IAPR Committee for Computer Vision and Image Processing 1992-95
Chair, IAPR/IEEE Workshop on Visual Behaviors, 1994
Co-Chair Program Committee, Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition 1989
Phi Beta Kappa
J.K. Aggarwal, UT-Austin
Allen Barker, Consultant
Julio Barros, Mitre
Don Brown, UVa
Frank Brill, Texas Inst.
M. Cannon, Los Alamos
W. Chen, Microsoft Res.
Zhenqi Chen, IMCI
James Cohoon, UVa
Rob Craighurst, CCRI
Gabe Ferrer, UVa
James French, Uva
Tom Horton, FAU
John Karro, UVa
P. Kelly, Los Alamos
Jens Lienig, Tanner
N. Nandhakumar, LGERC
Bill Niebel, UVa
Tom Olson, Texas Inst.
C.M. Pang, Singapore
Daniel Pitti, Uva
David Seaman, UVa
Mark Shields, UVa
C.L.Tan, Singapore Nat. U
John Unsworth, UVa
James Varanelli, Mentor G.
Glenn Wasson, UVa
Allen Barker, Ph.D. 1997,
Frank Brill, Ph.D. 1996, (Texas Inst.)
Gabe Ferrer, Ph.D. (in progress)
Glenn Wasson, Ph.D. (in progress)
J.K. Aggarwal, University of Texas - Austin
1997-present Institute for Advanced Technology in the
Humanities, University of Virginia.
1993-1997 The Library. University of California, Berkeley.
Librarian for Advanced Technologies Projects;
DESCRIPTION OF RESEARCH AND SYSTEMS DEVELOPMENT
Humanities Systems Architecture and Research:
Project Director at the Institute for Advanced Technology in the Humanities. Principal humanities electronic text systems designer for Institute's projects. Current projects include the following: Uncle Tom's Cabin Archive; The Collected Tantras of the Ancients; Victorian London Project; William Blake Archive; Pompeii Project; The Life of Adam and Eve; Piers Plowman Archive; Rosetti Archive; Dante's Inferno; Valley of the Shadow; and Inscriptions of the Holy Land. As principal system designer, work with Institute fellows to develop systems specifications for description and digital representation of primary source materials and secondary analytic and interpretive materials; and develop standards-based encoding schemes (typically using Standard Generalized Markup Language or SGML (ISO:8879)) to implement specifications.
Archive, Library, and Museum Standards and System Development:
National and International -- Jointly authored successful Berkeley Finding Aid Project proposal funded by the US Department of Education; developed international group of collaborators; with input from collaborators, coordinated the analysis of library, museum, and archival finding aid document architecture and developed data model; and wrote the first prototype encoding standard for finding aids in the form of a Document Type Definition (DTD) based on SGML. Organized and led the Berkeley Finding Aid Conference in April 1995 sponsored by the Commission on Preservation and Access. Led a Bentley Historical Library Research Fellowship Program for Study of Modern Archives team in furthering the development of the finding aid encoding standard. Authored revised data model and DTD for finding aids (renamed Encoded Archival Description (EAD)) and participated in review of the model and DTD sponsored by the Library of Congress National Digital Library. Working with Society of American Archivists (SAA), secured commitment from the Library of Congress Network Development and MARC Standards Office to be the maintenance agency for emerging EAD standard. Worked with SGML consultants to develop alpha version of EAD DTD and Tag Library. Successfully applied with representatives from the Society of American Archivists to the Council of Library Resources for funding writing EAD Tag Library and Guidelines. Chiefly responsible for demonstrating the prototype finding aid database and disseminating information about the role of electronic textuality in future archive, library, and museum access and control systems to the national and international archive and library community. Jointly authored the successful grant proposal to the National Endowment for the Humanities for funding the California Heritage Digital Image Access Project and the American Heritage Virtual Archive Project.
Jackie Dooley, University of California, Irvine
Hoyt Duggan, University of Virginia
Morris Eaves, University of Rochester
Michael J. Fox, Minnesota Historical Society
Peter Graham, Syracuse University
Steven Hensen, Duke University
Timothy Hoyer, University of California, Berkeley
Kris Kiesling, Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
Michael H. Chase Levenson, University of Virginia
Jerome McGann, University of Virginia
Worthy Martin, University of Virginia
Ken Price, William & Mary
Janice Ruth, Library of Congress
David Seaman, University of Virginia
Martha Nell Smith, University of Maryland
Sharon Gibbs Thibodeau, National Archives and Records Administration
John Unsworth, University of Virginia
Helena Zinkham, Library of Congress
Kees W. Bolle, University of California, Los Angeles (retired)
Department of English and Institute for Advanced Technology
in the Humanities
University of Virginia
Charlottesville, VA 22903
Ed Ayers, Dept. of History
Bernard Carlson, TCC
Ellen Contini-Morava, Dept. of Anthropology
John Dobbins, Dept. of Art
Hoyt Duggan, Dept. of English
David Germano, Dept. of Religious Studies
Mike Gorman, TCC
Michael Levenson, Dept. of English
Kirk Martini, Dept. of Architecture
Jerome McGann, Dept. of English
Elizabeth Meyer, Dept. of History
Deborah Parker, Dept. of Foreign Languages
Daniel Pitti, IATH
Marion Roberts, Dept. of Art
Michael Satlow, Dept. of Religious Studies
Ken Schwartz, Dept. of Architecture
Judith Shatin, Dept. of Music
Richard Guy Wilson, Dept. of Architecture
Other Universities and Institutions:
Gary Anderson, Divinity School, Harvard University
Lloyd Benson, History, Furman
Morris Eaves, English, Rochester
Robert Essick, English, UC-Riverside
Ed Folsom, English, University of Iowa
David Gants, English, University of Georgia
Ken Price, English, William and Mary
Katherine Rinne, Dibner Institute, MIT
Martha Nell Smith, English, University of Maryland
Thornton Staples, National Museum of American Art
Joseph Viscomi, English, UNC Chapel Hill
John Price Wilkin, Library, University of Michigan
Matthew Kirschenbaum, Dept. of English
Michele Ierardi, Dept. of English
Johnnie Wilcox, Dept. of English
Chris Campbell, Dept. of English
Names and institutions of the individual's own graduate and postgraduate advisors:
Michael Levenson, University of Virginia
Richard Rorty, Stanford University
Helen Aguera-National Endowment for the Humanities, Preservation and Access (202) 606-8573
Jack Meyer- Getty Fund (program officer for the Blake Archive) (310) 440-7703
Susan Nutter-Vice Provost and Director of Libraries, North
Carolina State University (919) 515-7188
6. Relevant Publications and Presentations:
Brill, F.Z., G.S. Wasson, G.J. Ferrer and W.N. Martin, "The effective field of view paradigm: Adding representation to a reactive system," Journal of Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence, Special issue on Machine Vision for Intelligent Vehicles and Autonomous Robots, 1998.
Barker, A.L., D.E. Brown and W.N. Martin, "Static Data Association with a terrain-based prior density," IEEE Transactions on SMC, vol. 28, no. 1, Feb. 1998.
Martin, W.N., J. Lienig and J.P. Cohoon, "Island (migration) models: Evolutionary Algorithms based on punctuated equilibria," in Handbook of Evolutionary Computation, T. Baeck and D. Fogel, eds., Oxford University Press, New York, 1997.
Barros, J.E., M. Cannon, J.C. French, P. Kelly, and W.N. Martin, "Using the triangle inequality to reduce the number of comparisons required for similarity-based retrieval," Electronic Imaging ‘96, San Jose, CA, 1996.
Wasson, G.S., and W.N. Martin, "Integration and action in Perception/Action systems with access to non-local-space information," AAAI Workshop: Theories of Action, Planning & Control, Aug., 1996.
Barros, J.E., J.C. French and W.N. Martin, "Trading efficiency for effectiveness in similarity-based indexing for image databases," Photonics East, Philadelphia, Oct., 1995.
Martin, W.N., and J.K. Aggarwal, "The role of representation and reconstruction in vision: Is it a matter of definition?," Computer Graphics, Vision and Image Processing: Image Understanding, vol. 60, no. 1, July, 1994, pp.100-102.
Martin, W.N., and J.K. Aggarwal, eds., MOTION UNDERSTANDING: Robot and Human Vision, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Norwell, MA, 1988.
Martin, W.N., and J.K. Aggarwal, "Volumetric descriptions from multiple views," IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, vol. PAMI-5, no. 2, Special Issue on Surface Detection, 1983, pp. 150-158.
Martin, W. N., and Aggarwal, J. K., "Survey: Dynamic scene
analysis," Computer Graphics and Image Processing, vol. 7, no. 3,
1978, pp. 356-374.
"American Heritage Virtual Archive Project," at the Digital Resources in the Humanities, Glasgow, Scotland, September 1998.
"After the Fall: Structured Data at IATH" (with John Unsworth), at the annual joint meeting of the Association for Computers and the Humanities and the Association for Literary and Linguistic Computing, July 1998, Debrecen, Hungary.
"Encoded Archival Description (EAD) Tag Library, Version 1.0" (Washington, D.C.: Society of American Archivists and Library of Congress, 1998). Joint author.
"Encoded Archival Description (EAD) Document Type Definition, Version 1.0" (Washington, D.C.: Society of American Archivists and Library of Congress, 1998). Editor and joint author.
"Encoded Archival Description: The Development of an Encoding Standard for Archival Finding Aids" in The American Archivist (1998).
"Emerging Standards for Hypermedia: Extensible Markup Language," Exploring the New Media Conference, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C., April 17, 1998
"Encoded Archival Description," American Library Association LITA/ALCTS Metadata Institute, Washington, D.C., April 1998.
"Encoded Archival Description," Society of North Carolina Archivists Meeting, Duke University, March 1998.
"Thematic Research Archives: Emergence of a New Publishing Genre," Library and Townsend Center Lecture, University of California, Berkeley, March 1998.
"Blake Archive Description (BAD) Document Type Definition." SGML DTD for The William Blake Archive: (Charlottesville, Virginia: Eaves, Essick, and Viscomi; IATH, 1997- ), http://jefferson.village.virginia.edu/blake/
"Encoded Archival Description," Public Record Office Open Day, Public Record Office, Kew Gardens, December 1997.
"Encoded Archival Description," Mid-Atlantic Regional Archives Conference, Wilmington, Delaware, November 1997.
Chair/presenter of "Encoded Archival Description: A Progress Report," Society of American Archivists, San Diego, August 30, 1996.
Two public lectures on Encoded Archival Description, King's College London, and University of Glasgow, London and Glasgow, March 26-28, 1996.
Presentation and demonstration on "SGML and Encoded Archival Description," Association of Canadian Archivists, Whitehorse, Yukon, May 29, 1996.
"Access to Digital Representations of Archival Materials: The Berkeley Finding Aid Project." Published in RLG Digital Image Access Project: Proceedings from an RLG Symposium (Palo Alto: The Research Libraries Group, 1995), pp. 73-81.
"Standard Generalized Markup Language and the Future of Cataloging" in The Serials Librarian (The Haworth Press) vol. 25, no. 3/4, 1995, pp. 243-253; and: A Kaleidoscope of Choices: Reshaping Roles and Opportunities for Serialists (Ed: Beth Holley and Mary Ann Sheble) (The Haworth Press, 1995) pp. 243-253.
"The Berkeley Finding Aid Project: Standards in Navigation" in Filling the Pipeline and Paying the Piper (Washington, D.C.: Association of Research Libraries, 1995), p. 161-166. Paper originally presented at the American Research Libraries/Association of American University Presses 4th Symposium on Electronic Publishing on the Network, November 1994, Washington, D.C.
Presentation providing and update on the Encoded Archival Description standards development and demonstration of encoded finding aids, Planning Conference: University of California Implementation of Encoded Archival Description (EAD), UCLA, September 28, 1995.
Presentation and demonstration on the Berkeley Finding Aid Project at the ACRL Arts Section/LITA Technology and the Arts Interest Group, Chicago, Illinois, June, 26, 1995.
Panelist at the ALCTS "AACR2000: Toward the Future of the Descriptive Cataloging Rules" Preconference, Chicago, Illinois, June 22, 1995.
Introduction to SGML and the Berkeley Finding Aid Project, ACRL RBMS Preconference, Bloomington, Indiana, June 21, 1995.
Organized the Berkeley Finding Aid Conference, held at The Library at the University of California, Berkeley, April 4-6, 1995. In addition to giving several presentations, also presented a paper: "Settling the Digital Frontier: The Future of Scholarly Communication in the Humanities."
Presented paper at the Research Libraries Group Digital Image Access Project Workshop, Palo Alto, California, March 1995: "Access to Digital Representations of Archival Materials: The Berkeley Finding Aid Project."
Presentation to the Association of Library and Information Science Educators at a discussion of the future of technical services education: "Law and Order in an Unruly Information Universe," Philadelphia, February 1995.
Presentation to the ALA LITA Programmer/Analyst Discussion Group on SGML-based software used in the Berkeley Finding Aid Project, and a demonstration of California Cornerstones: Selected Images from The Bancroft Library Pictorial Collection, the Library of Congress' Averell Harriman Collection, and the Graves Pictorial Collection, Philadelphia, February 1995.
Presentation on the Berkeley Digital Library Initiatives, and demonstration of California Cornerstones: Selected Images from The Bancroft Library Pictorial Collection, the Library of Congress' Averell Harriman Collection, and the Graves Pictorial Collection to Quarterly Meeting of the Northern California SGML User Group, December 1994. Presentation summarized in "Using Today's Data in the Next Century & Beyond" in Spectrum (Berkeley: Center for Extreme Ultraviolet Astrophysics & Space Astrophysics Group), v. 2, no. 1, January 23, 1995.
Presentation on the Berkeley Finding Aid Project and demonstration of California Cornerstones: Selected Images from The Bancroft Library Pictorial Collection, the Library of Congress' Averell Harriman Collection, and the Graves Pictorial Collection to visiting archivists from the Russian Archives Federation (Rosarkhiv), December 1994.
Presentation on the Berkeley Finding Aid Project and demonstration of prototype finding aid for Library of Congress' Averell Harriman Collection and the Graves Pictorial Collection at National Archives and Records Administration, College Park, Maryland, November 1994.
Two presentations on the Berkeley Finding Aid Project and demonstrations of prototype finding aid for Library of Congress' Averell Harriman Collection and the Graves Pictorial Collection at the National Digital Library Visitor's Center at the Library of Congress, Washington, D.C., November 1994.
"The Berkeley Finding Aid Project: Standards in Navigation," paper presented at the American Research Libraries/Association of American University Presses 4th Symposium on Electronic Publishing on the Network, November 1994, Washington, D.C.
Demonstration of prototype finding aid for Graves Pictorial Collection at Invitational Workshop for Image Collection Implementors, Eastman Kodak Company, Rochester, September 1994.
Presentation on the Berkeley Finding Aid Project and demonstration of Graves Pictorial Collection of prototype database of finding aids at the Descriptive Section of the Society of American Archivists, September 1994, Indianapolis.
Presentation on the Berkeley Finding Aid Project and demonstration of Graves Pictorial Collection finding aid at Museum Computer Network, Computer Interchange of Museum Information Panel, September 1994, Washington, D.C.
Demonstration of finding aid for Graves Pictorial Collection for staff from the California Historical Society, Berkeley, July 1994.
Presentation on the Berkeley Finding Aid Project and demonstration of Graves Pictorial Collection finding aid at American Library Association, Rare Book and Manuscript Section Preconference, June 1994, Miami. Additional informal demonstration and discussion at the Manuscripts and Other Formats Discussion Group.
"Standard Generalized Markup Language and the Future of Cataloging," a paper presented at the North American Serials Interest Group, Vancouver, June 1994.
Presentation on the Berkeley Finding Aid Project and demonstration of prototype Graves Pictorial Collection finding aid at Workshop on Cataloging Electronic Texts, co-sponsored by the Text Encoding Initiative (TEI) and the Center for Electronic Texts in the Humanities (CETH), Somerset, New Jersey, May 1994. The presentation is summarized in CETH Workshop on Documenting Electronic Texts, May 16-18, 1994, Radisson Hotel, Somerset, NJ (New Brunswick, NJ: Center for Electronic Texts in the Humanities, 1994), p. 23-24.
Presentation on the Berkeley Finding Aid Project and demonstration of Graves Pictorial Collection at Research Libraries Group, Digital Image Access Project (DIAP) meeting at Stokes Imaging Services, Austin, Texas, May 1994.
"Sharing the Wealth: A Description of the Berkeley Finding Aid Project," paper presented in September 1993, at the Society of American Archivists Conference, New Orleans.
"The One and the Many: Cooperative Cataloging and Authority Control," paper presented at the Northern California Technical Processes Group of the California Library Association, April 1992.
"MARC and Purity of Thought in Cataloging: Another Look
at Series Description and Access," paper presented at the 1989 Midwinter
Meeting of the LITA/ALCTS CCS Interest Group on Authority Control in the
Online Environment, in Washington D.C.
"The Importance of Failure," in The Journal of Electronic Publishing, 3.2 (December, 1997).
"Networked Scholarship: The Effects of Advanced Technology on Research in the Humanities," in Gateways to Knowledge, ed. Larry Dowler. MIT Press, 1997.
"Electronic Scholarship" in The Literary Text in the Digital Age, ed. Richard Finneran. University of Michigan Press, 1996.
"Living Inside the (Operating) System," in Computer Networking and Scholarship in the 21st-Century University, ed. Teresa Harrison and Timothy D. Stephen. SUNY Press, 1996.
"William Gass's The Tunnel: The Work-in-Progress as Post-Modern Genre." Arizona Quarterly 48.1 (Spring, 1992): 63-85.
"Networked Academic Publishing and the Rhetorics of its Reception." with Eyal Amiran and Carole Chaski. Centennial Review 36.1 (Winter, 1992): 43-58.
"The Book Market II." in The Columbia History of the American Novel. Ed. Emory Elliot. New York: Columbia UP, 1991.
"Refereed Electronic Journals and the Future of Scholarly Publishing." With Elaine Orr and Eyal Amiran. in Advances in Library Automation and Networking. Ed. Joe Hewitt. Vol. 4. Greenwich, CT: JAI Press Inc., 1991.
"Practicing Post-Modernism: The Example of John Hawkes." Contemporary Literature 32.1 (Spring 1991): 38-57.
"Postmodern Culture: Publishing in the Electronic Medium."
With Eyal Amiran. The Public-Access Computer Systems Review 2.1