DRAFT Proposal
from the
Institute for Advanced Technology in the Humanities
to the
National Initiative for Networked Cultural Heritage


The Institute for Advanced Technology in the Humanities submits the following to the National Initiative for Networked Cultural Heritage in response to NINCH’s June 1, 1999 Request for Proposals, entitled “Guide to Good Practice in the Digital Representation and Management of Cultural Heritage Materials.” This cannot legally be considered a formal proposal without approval from the University of Virginia’s Office of Sponsored Programs, but we suggest that such approval be sought at a later stage in this process—for example, when NINCH puts its formal proposal forward to the actual funding agency.

1. Narrative

1.1 Work Plan

Initial survey (July 1999-October 1999)

The NINCH RFP specifies that:

The consultant will commence by interviewing practitioners and reviewing projects drawn from an initial small pool of approximately ten practitioners and projects from diverse cultural communities, applying the criteria for evaluating practice established by the Working Group.

The institutions, practitioners, and projects we would propose to include in that first phase would be chosen from the following after consultation with recognized experts in the archive, museum, library, and humanities computing communities:

1. Amico (David Bearman, Jennifer Trant)
2. Arts and Humanities Data Service (Daniel Greenstein)
3. University of California (Richard Lucier: California Digital Library; Bernie Hurley: Library-Berkeley: MOAII and DLF; Howard Besser and Anne Gilliland-Swetland: UCLA:SLIS; Rick Rinehart: Pacific Film Archive/Berkeley Art Museum)
4. Digital Library Federation (Don Waters or his successor)
5. Library of Congress (Copyright Office, Digital Library)
6. OCLC (Stuart Weibel and Eric Miller: Dublin Core)
7. Cornell University (Anne Kenney, Preservation and Conservation, Olin Library)
8. Research Libraries Group
9. National Endowment for the Humanities
10. The Institute for Museum and Library Services
11. University of Michigan (John Price-Wilkin, JSTOR, MOA; Margaret Hedstrom: digital preservation)
12. The Getty Research Institute, Conservation Institute, and Grant Program
13. Yale University (Paul Conway: preservation)
14. Text Encoding Initiative Consortium (Michael Sperberg-McQueen, TEI editor)
15. CNI (Clifford Lynch and colleagues)
16. Council on Library and Information Resources (Deanna Marcum)

Since a number of the key organizations in this area are located in Washington, D.C., IATH’s proximity to the DC area will help to control travel costs. In other cases, travel could be minimized by planning to conduct some of the interviews at conferences where a number of experts are likely to be present (such as conferences of the Museum Computer Network; the Dublin Core; the CNI; American Library Association; DRH; ACH/ALLC; Society of American Archivists; the ACM Digital Libraries Conference, and others).

IATH proposes to add one more preliminary process to those described above, namely a thorough review of the literature already published on the subjects of best practices in the creation, management, and preservation of digital resources. In particular, the Arts and Humanities Data Service has done a good deal of work in this area in recent years, and we will want to consult their reports as a first step, as well as interviewing Dan Greenstein and others involved in their creation to see what we can learn about the process of composing such a report. Also, we would review the archives of D-Lib Magazine (http://www.dlib.org/dlib.html), as many relevant articles have been published there over the last four years. A representative (but hardly exhaustive) list of other relevant publications would include articles and guides on:

Intellectual, Structural, and Administrative Metadata:

Association for Library Collections and Technical Services
(A division of the American Library Association) Cataloging and Classification Section, Committee on Cataloging: Description and Access, Task Force on Metadata and the Cataloging Rules, Final Report (August 21, 1998)

Consortium for the Computer Interchange of Museum Information’s "Guide to Best Practice: Dublin Core" (April 2, 1999)

Draft Interim Guidelines for Cataloging Electronic Resources, Library of Congress, Cataloging Policy and Support Office.

NISO/CLIR/RLG: Technical Metadata Elements for Images Workshop Report, Washington, DC, April 18-19, 1999

Resource Description Framework (RDF) Schema Specification
W3C Proposed Recommendation 03 March 1999

Visual Arts, Museums & Cultural Heritage Metadata Workshop Report (1997)

Best Practice in the Creation of Digital Cultural Resources:

AHDS Publications Series
Guides to Good Practice in the Creation and Use of Digital Resources

Background Papers and Technical Information from the American Memory Project, Library of Congress

The Council on Library and Information Resources’ Reports

Best Practices in Managing Digital Cultural Resources:

Arts and Humanities Data Service, "Managing Digital Collections"

Arts and Humanities Data Service, "Digital Preservation: A Guide to Web Resources"

National Humanities Alliance: Basic Principles For Managing Intellectual Property In The Digital Environment (March 24, 1997)

The Research Libraries Group’s "Preserving Digital Information: Final Report and Recommendations"

Society of American Archivists, "Basic Principles for Managing Intellectual Property in the Digital Environment: An Archival Perspective"

Submission of Report 1 (November 1999) At this stage we will present a preliminary assessment of the territory to be covered by the final report: what are the areas in which best practices are well known and widely accepted, what are the areas in which they are still contested or in early stages of development, and what are the areas in which we have little or no sense of what best practices would be? Based on this assessment, the first report will propose next steps, including further interviews and research into published reports, a survey method for broader sampling of practices, a statement of the evaluative criteria to be used, and taxonomy of standards (e.g., XML and SGML as "low level" standards that facilitate other standards; DTDs as community/disciplined based standards that reflect particular research and scholarly interests; other more general administrative and structural data standards shared across disciplines).
Working group review and project evaluation (December 1999) As stated in the RFP, at this point, the Working Group will discuss its response to the findings represented in the first report from IATH to NINCH and IATH will make modifications to the evaluative criteria and survey method, as appropriate, with the IATH team.
Main survey (January 2000) This phase will consist of following through with the steps proposed in the first report from IATH to NINCH, as modified in the December review. Research into the published literature on best practices with respect to creation, management, and preservation of digital cultural resources will continue, and the survey of practitioners will be opened to the broadest possible participation. We hope to be able to use a preliminary version of the NINCH-Data project (a repository of information about federally funded digital cultural heritage projects) as the basis for emailing surveys to high-profile practitioners, but as part of this stage of the project we will also issue a general request for comments through the mailing lists of appropriate professional communities.
Submission of Report 2 (February 2000) IATH will write a report on the survey findings, including not only the results of our in-depth initial survey of high-concentration digital cultural resource centers and advisory bodies, but also results from the broader survey of more isolated practitioners in the field. In addition, the second report will include an annotated bibliography of relevant resources in print and other media.
Working group review and project evaluation (Mid-March 2000) As specified in the RFP, at this point in the process the Working Group will review and evaluate the second report, modifying the proposed form and content of the Guide, as appropriate. These guidelines will be fixed by the end of March, and any further revision to them will extend the contract between NINCH and IATH and open this proposed work plan and its schedule to revision by IATH. Writing of the Guide IATH’s goal in producing this guide will be to provide a clear, well-organized, and generally accessible guide to technical issues, available standards, and recommended practices relevant to the creation and management of digital cultural heritage resources. The guide will aim to be useful to the novice researcher and to institutions just entering the digital arena. Since standards and practices vary at some levels according to source, the guide will be organized by object-type, and while its perspective will be informed by the institutions and disciplines historically most active in the area of digitizing cultural heritage resources, in those areas where disciplinary practices conflict, the guide will present choices, rationales, and consequences in a neutral manner.
First Draft of Guide (Late April 2000) IATH proposes to produce the guide itself in XML, so that it can serve as a representative of the kind of practice it recommends. A clearly labeled rough draft of the guide would be published on the Web at this point, with XSL style sheets to make it browsable by standard web browsers.   Review and evaluation of guide draft (May 2000) We propose that final review of the draft be open not only to the NINCH working group but also to all those interviewed in the process of composing the guide, and to any other interested parties. NINCH’s reviewers would, of course, have the final word on proposed revisions, but we think it would be useful to have others involved in the review process at this point as well, including some experts paid to review the report from a range of perspectives. Revision of draft (June 2000) Final revisions to the draft of the Guide would be performed in June of 2000, and comments from the NINCH working group, interested readers on the Web, and paid experts would all be taken into account. The editors and the Working Group would at this point need to be communicating on an almost daily basis, so a temporary listserv should probably be set up by IATH to facilitate final revisions. Final Draft of Manuscript (July 2000) A revised, proofread, source-checked XML document will be delivered by IATH to NINCH in late July of 2000, along with XSL style sheets for Web and print distribution. Publication of the electronic product will be by IATH (where appropriate SGML publishing software is already available) with mirrors elsewhere as desired; publication of the print product will be by NINCH on a schedule and on terms to be determined by the Working Group. If NINCH agrees, we would recommend that the Guide reference a permanent web site maintained at NINCH for updates to the Guide, its recommendations, and its bibliography.
1.2 Resources Required

IATH directors (Unsworth, Pitti, Martin) can perform interviews as appropriate. Electronic production and publication resources are already available at IATH and would not need to be purchased for this project. What is required in order to complete this project is, for the most part, the time and effort of experts and the dedicated efforts of editorial and research assistants. IATH has access to many qualified staff and graduate students, and its directors would be doing the bulk of the work involved in researching and writing this guide. Travel funds will be required for site visits, but since we would be travelling for the most part to high-concentration digital centers (where multiple projects, centers, or individuals could be interviewed) or to conferences (where experts convene), travel could be minimized. We do regard the payment of honoraria to select reviewers of the proposal’s final draft as a desirable resource allocation, under the circumstances.

2. Qualifications

The Institute for Advanced Technology in the Humanities is perhaps uniquely qualified to conduct this project, inasmuch as its mission, for the last six years, has been to support electronic scholarship and research across the disciplines of the humanities, with long-standing and active projects in history, literature, religious studies, art history, architecture, music, and many other fields. John Unsworth has a decade of experience in editing and in electronic scholarly publishing; Daniel Pitti comes to this effort with two years at IATH and (before that) another five years directing an international effort to establish standards for the electronic description of archival resources (the EAD); Worthy Martin has been technical director at IATH for only a year, but he has long experience in dealing with digital images as an issue in computer science, as well as considerable experience working on University-level task forces formed to address standards and practices. The Institute’s staff has expertise in two- and three-dimensional digital imaging, in the maintenance and publication of SGML-encoded textual resources, in data management strategies, and in migrating cultural resources of all sorts across several generations of operating systems, applications software, and distribution mechanisms. IATH is also one of four international hosts of the TEI Consortium. Few organizations, if any, have the range of technical, academic, and editorial experience that IATH can bring to bear on this project.

3. Budget


Unsworth    $86,500     12.5 % of work effort     $10,813

Martin      $66,600     12.5 % of work effort      $8,325

Pitti       $66,200     12.5 % of work effort      $8,275

Editorial   $30,000     50 % of work effort       $15,000

Research    $20,000     50 % of work effort       $10,000

Total Salaries                                    $52,413

Benefits     33.5 %-staff                         $17,558

             23.5 %-faculty                        $6,442

Total Benefits                                    $24,000

Travel Cost  12 trips @ $1,500 per trip           $18,000

Honoraria    5 reviewers @ $1,000 each             $5,000

Total Budget                                $99,413

4. Resumes

Worthy N. Martin

Associate Professor of Computer Science
School of Engineering and Applied Science and
Technical Director, Institute for Advanced Technology in the Humanities
University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22903-2442
Phone: (804)982-2202; Fax: (804)982-2214
E-mail: martin@virginia.edu
Web: www.cs.virginia.edu/brochure/profs/martin.html

Date of birth: November 24, 1951


Ph.D. Computer Science University of Texas at Austin, 1981
M.A. Computer Science University of Texas at Austin, 1976
B.A.with honors Mathematics University of Texas at Austin, 1973

Professional Development

1988-present Associate Professor, Dept. of Computer Science, University of Virginia
1982-1988 Assistant Professor, Dept. of Computer Science, University of Virginia
1981-1982 Instructor, Dept. of Computer Science, University of Texas - Austin
1975-1981 Research Asst. (J.K. Aggarwal, Sup.), University of Texas - Austin

Professional Activities

Senior Member, Institute for Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
IEEE Computer Society
Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)
American Association for Artificial Intelligence (AAAI)
International Society for Genetic Algorithms (ISGA)
Technical Committee for Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, IEEE
Program Committee, International Conference on Genetic Algorithms 1997 & 1995
Co-Chair, IAPR Committee for Computer Vision and Image Processing 1992-95
Chair, IAPR/IEEE Workshop on Visual Behaviors, 1994
Co-Chair Program Committee, Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition 1989
Phi Beta Kappa

Selected Publications

(see below)

Recent Collaborators

J.K. Aggarwal, UT-Austin
Allen Barker, Consultant
Julio Barros, Mitre
Don Brown, UVa
Frank Brill, Texas Inst.
M. Cannon, Los Alamos
W. Chen, Microsoft Res.
Zhenqi Chen, IMCI
James Cohoon, UVa
Rob Craighurst, CCRI
Gabe Ferrer, UVa
James French, Uva
Tom Horton, FAU
John Karro, UVa
P. Kelly, Los Alamos
Jens Lienig, Tanner
N. Nandhakumar, LGERC
Bill Niebel, UVa
Tom Olson, Texas Inst.
C.M. Pang, Singapore
Daniel Pitti, Uva
David Seaman, UVa
Mark Shields, UVa
C.L.Tan, Singapore Nat. U
John Unsworth, UVa
James Varanelli, Mentor G.
Glenn Wasson, UVa

Students Advised

Allen Barker, Ph.D. 1997,
Frank Brill, Ph.D. 1996, (Texas Inst.)
Gabe Ferrer, Ph.D. (in progress)
Glenn Wasson, Ph.D. (in progress)

Dissertation Advisor

J.K. Aggarwal, University of Texas - Austin

Daniel V. Pitti
Home Address: 118 Vincennes Road, Charlottesville, Virginia 22911
Work Address: Institute for Advanced Technology in the Humanities, Alderman Library, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22901
Phone: 804 924-6594 Fax: 804 982-2363
Email: dpitti@Virginia.edu


-University of California, Berkeley. MLIS. 1987.
-University of California, Los Angeles. C.Phil. in the History of Religions. 1984.
-University of California, Los Angeles. MA in the History of Religions. 1981.
-University of California, Davis. AB in Religious Studies. 1977.

1997-present Institute for Advanced Technology in the Humanities, University of Virginia.
Project Director

1993-1997 The Library. University of California, Berkeley.
Librarian for Advanced Technologies Projects;


Humanities Systems Architecture and Research:

Project Director at the Institute for Advanced Technology in the Humanities. Principal humanities electronic text systems designer for Institute's projects. Current projects include the following: Uncle Tom's Cabin Archive; The Collected Tantras of the Ancients; Victorian London Project; William Blake Archive; Pompeii Project; The Life of Adam and Eve; Piers Plowman Archive; Rosetti Archive; Dante's Inferno; Valley of the Shadow; and Inscriptions of the Holy Land. As principal system designer, work with Institute fellows to develop systems specifications for description and digital representation of primary source materials and secondary analytic and interpretive materials; and develop standards-based encoding schemes (typically using Standard Generalized Markup Language or SGML (ISO:8879)) to implement specifications.

Archive, Library, and Museum Standards and System Development:

National and International -- Jointly authored successful Berkeley Finding Aid Project proposal funded by the US Department of Education; developed international group of collaborators; with input from collaborators, coordinated the analysis of library, museum, and archival finding aid document architecture and developed data model; and wrote the first prototype encoding standard for finding aids in the form of a Document Type Definition (DTD) based on SGML. Organized and led the Berkeley Finding Aid Conference in April 1995 sponsored by the Commission on Preservation and Access.  Led a Bentley Historical Library Research Fellowship Program for Study of Modern Archives team in furthering the development of the finding aid encoding standard. Authored revised data model and DTD for finding aids (renamed Encoded Archival Description (EAD)) and participated in review of the model and DTD sponsored by the Library of Congress National Digital Library. Working with Society of American Archivists (SAA), secured commitment from the Library of Congress Network Development and MARC Standards Office to be the maintenance agency for emerging EAD standard.  Worked with SGML consultants to develop alpha version of EAD DTD and Tag Library. Successfully applied with representatives from the Society of American Archivists to the Council of Library Resources for funding writing EAD Tag Library and Guidelines. Chiefly responsible for demonstrating the prototype finding aid database and disseminating information about the role of electronic textuality in future archive, library, and museum access and control systems to the national and international archive and library community. Jointly authored the successful grant proposal to the National Endowment for the Humanities for funding the California Heritage Digital Image Access Project and the American Heritage Virtual Archive Project.


(See below)


Jackie Dooley, University of California, Irvine
Hoyt Duggan, University of Virginia
Morris Eaves, University of Rochester
Michael J. Fox, Minnesota Historical Society
Peter Graham, Syracuse University
Steven Hensen, Duke University
Timothy Hoyer, University of California, Berkeley
Kris Kiesling, Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
Michael H. Chase Levenson, University of Virginia
Jerome McGann, University of Virginia
Worthy Martin, University of Virginia
Ken Price, William & Mary
Janice Ruth, Library of Congress
David Seaman, University of Virginia
Martha Nell Smith, University of Maryland
Sharon Gibbs Thibodeau, National Archives and Records Administration
John Unsworth, University of Virginia
Helena Zinkham, Library of Congress


Kees W. Bolle, University of California, Los Angeles (retired)

John Unsworth

Department of English and Institute for Advanced Technology in the Humanities
University of Virginia
Charlottesville, VA 22903
Email: jmu2m@virginia.edu
Phone: 804-924-3137

Current Employment:

Associate Professor, Dept. of English, University of Virginia, 1993-present
Director, Institute for Advanced Technology in the Humanities, University of Virginia, 1993-present
Education: University of Virginia: Ph.D. in English, 1988
Boston University: M.A. in English, 1982
Amherst College: B.A. Magna Cum Laude in English, 1981
Editing and Editorial Boards: Commissioning Editor, Computers and the Humanities, 1997-present
Member, Blake Archive Advisory Board
Member, Committee on Scholarly Editions, Modern Language Association, 1996-2000
Member, Electronic Melville Committee, Melville Society
Member, Multimedia Dante Project Advisory Board, Princeton University
Member, Publishing and Communications Advisory Board, Division of Continuing Education,
Member, Romantic Circles Advisory Board
Member, Editorial Board, Journal of Electronic Publishing, University of Michigan Press.
Co-editor, Research Reports of the Institute for Advanced Technology in the Humanities
Co-founder and Editor Emeritus, Postmodern Culture: an electronic journal of interdisciplinary criticism
(published by Johns Hopkins University Press)

(See below)


University of Virginia:

Ed Ayers, Dept. of History
Bernard Carlson, TCC
Ellen Contini-Morava, Dept. of Anthropology
John Dobbins, Dept. of Art
Hoyt Duggan, Dept. of English
David Germano, Dept. of Religious Studies
Mike Gorman, TCC
Michael Levenson, Dept. of English
Kirk Martini, Dept. of Architecture
Jerome McGann, Dept. of English
Elizabeth Meyer, Dept. of History
Deborah Parker, Dept. of Foreign Languages
Daniel Pitti, IATH
Marion Roberts, Dept. of Art
Michael Satlow, Dept. of Religious Studies
Ken Schwartz, Dept. of Architecture
Judith Shatin, Dept. of Music
Richard Guy Wilson, Dept. of Architecture

Other Universities and Institutions:

Gary Anderson, Divinity School, Harvard University
Lloyd Benson, History, Furman
Morris Eaves, English, Rochester
Robert Essick, English, UC-Riverside
Ed Folsom, English, University of Iowa
David Gants, English, University of Georgia
Ken Price, English, William and Mary
Katherine Rinne, Dibner Institute, MIT
Martha Nell Smith, English, University of Maryland
Thornton Staples, National Museum of American Art
Joseph Viscomi, English, UNC Chapel Hill
John Price Wilkin, Library, University of Michigan


Matthew Kirschenbaum, Dept. of English
Michele Ierardi, Dept. of English
Johnnie Wilcox, Dept. of English
Chris Campbell, Dept. of English

Names and institutions of the individual's own graduate and postgraduate advisors:

Michael Levenson, University of Virginia
Richard Rorty, Stanford University

5. References

Helen Aguera-National Endowment for the Humanities, Preservation and Access (202) 606-8573

Jack Meyer- Getty Fund (program officer for the Blake Archive) (310) 440-7703

Susan Nutter-Vice Provost and Director of Libraries, North Carolina State University  (919) 515-7188

6. Relevant Publications and Presentations:

Worthy Martin

Brill, F.Z., G.S. Wasson, G.J. Ferrer and W.N. Martin, "The effective field of view paradigm: Adding representation to a reactive system," Journal of Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence, Special issue on Machine Vision for Intelligent Vehicles and Autonomous Robots, 1998.

Barker, A.L., D.E. Brown and W.N. Martin, "Static Data Association with a terrain-based prior density," IEEE Transactions on SMC, vol. 28, no. 1, Feb. 1998.

Martin, W.N., J. Lienig and J.P. Cohoon, "Island (migration) models: Evolutionary Algorithms based on punctuated equilibria," in Handbook of Evolutionary Computation, T. Baeck and D. Fogel, eds., Oxford University Press, New York, 1997.

Barros, J.E., M. Cannon, J.C. French, P. Kelly, and W.N. Martin, "Using the triangle inequality to reduce the number of comparisons required for similarity-based retrieval," Electronic Imaging ‘96, San Jose, CA, 1996.

Wasson, G.S., and W.N. Martin, "Integration and action in Perception/Action systems with access to non-local-space information," AAAI Workshop: Theories of Action, Planning & Control, Aug., 1996.

Barros, J.E., J.C. French and W.N. Martin, "Trading efficiency for effectiveness in similarity-based indexing for image databases," Photonics East, Philadelphia, Oct., 1995.

Martin, W.N., and J.K. Aggarwal, "The role of representation and reconstruction in vision: Is it a matter of definition?," Computer Graphics, Vision and Image Processing: Image Understanding, vol. 60, no. 1, July, 1994, pp.100-102.

Martin, W.N., and J.K. Aggarwal, eds., MOTION UNDERSTANDING: Robot and Human Vision, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Norwell, MA, 1988.

Martin, W.N., and J.K. Aggarwal, "Volumetric descriptions from multiple views," IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, vol. PAMI-5, no. 2, Special Issue on Surface Detection, 1983, pp. 150-158.

Martin, W. N., and Aggarwal, J. K., "Survey: Dynamic scene analysis," Computer Graphics and Image Processing, vol. 7, no. 3, 1978, pp. 356-374.

Daniel Pitti

"American Heritage Virtual Archive Project," at the Digital Resources in the Humanities, Glasgow, Scotland, September 1998.

"After the Fall: Structured Data at IATH" (with John Unsworth), at the annual joint meeting of the Association for Computers and the Humanities and the Association for Literary and Linguistic Computing, July 1998, Debrecen, Hungary.

"Encoded Archival Description (EAD) Tag Library, Version 1.0" (Washington, D.C.: Society of American Archivists and Library of Congress, 1998). Joint author.

"Encoded Archival Description (EAD) Document Type Definition, Version 1.0" (Washington, D.C.: Society of American Archivists and Library of Congress, 1998). Editor and joint author.

"Encoded Archival Description: The Development of an Encoding Standard for Archival Finding Aids" in The American Archivist (1998).

"Emerging Standards for Hypermedia: Extensible Markup Language," Exploring the New Media Conference, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C., April 17, 1998

"Encoded Archival Description," American Library Association LITA/ALCTS Metadata Institute, Washington, D.C., April 1998.

"Encoded Archival Description," Society of North Carolina Archivists Meeting, Duke University, March 1998.

"Thematic Research Archives: Emergence of a New Publishing Genre," Library and Townsend Center Lecture, University of California, Berkeley, March 1998.

"Blake Archive Description (BAD) Document Type Definition." SGML DTD for The William Blake Archive: (Charlottesville, Virginia: Eaves, Essick, and Viscomi; IATH, 1997- ), http://jefferson.village.virginia.edu/blake/

"Encoded Archival Description," Public Record Office Open Day, Public Record Office, Kew Gardens, December 1997.

"Encoded Archival Description," Mid-Atlantic Regional Archives Conference, Wilmington, Delaware, November 1997.

Chair/presenter of "Encoded Archival Description: A Progress Report," Society of American Archivists, San Diego, August 30, 1996.

Two public lectures on Encoded Archival Description, King's College London, and University of Glasgow, London and Glasgow, March 26-28, 1996.

Presentation and demonstration on "SGML and Encoded Archival Description," Association of Canadian Archivists, Whitehorse, Yukon, May 29, 1996.

"Access to Digital Representations of Archival Materials: The Berkeley Finding Aid Project." Published in RLG Digital Image Access Project: Proceedings from an RLG Symposium (Palo Alto: The Research Libraries Group, 1995), pp. 73-81.

"Standard Generalized Markup Language and the Future of Cataloging" in The Serials Librarian (The Haworth Press) vol. 25, no. 3/4, 1995, pp. 243-253; and: A Kaleidoscope of Choices: Reshaping Roles and Opportunities for Serialists (Ed: Beth Holley and Mary Ann Sheble) (The Haworth Press, 1995) pp. 243-253.

"The Berkeley Finding Aid Project: Standards in Navigation" in Filling the Pipeline and Paying the Piper (Washington, D.C.: Association of Research Libraries, 1995), p. 161-166. Paper originally presented at the American Research Libraries/Association of American University Presses 4th Symposium on Electronic Publishing on the Network, November 1994, Washington, D.C.

Presentation providing and update on the Encoded Archival Description standards development and demonstration of encoded finding aids, Planning Conference: University of California Implementation of Encoded Archival Description (EAD), UCLA, September 28, 1995.

Presentation and demonstration on the Berkeley Finding Aid Project at the ACRL Arts Section/LITA Technology and the Arts Interest Group, Chicago, Illinois, June, 26, 1995.

Panelist at the ALCTS "AACR2000: Toward the Future of the Descriptive Cataloging Rules" Preconference, Chicago, Illinois, June 22, 1995.

Introduction to SGML and the Berkeley Finding Aid Project, ACRL RBMS Preconference, Bloomington, Indiana, June 21, 1995.

Organized the Berkeley Finding Aid Conference, held at The Library at the University of California, Berkeley, April 4-6, 1995. In addition to giving several presentations, also presented a paper: "Settling the Digital Frontier: The Future of Scholarly Communication in the Humanities."

Presented paper at the Research Libraries Group Digital Image Access Project Workshop, Palo Alto, California, March 1995: "Access to Digital Representations of Archival Materials: The Berkeley Finding Aid Project."

Presentation to the Association of Library and Information Science Educators at a discussion of the future of technical services education: "Law and Order in an Unruly Information Universe," Philadelphia, February 1995.

Presentation to the ALA LITA Programmer/Analyst Discussion Group on SGML-based software used in the Berkeley Finding Aid Project, and a demonstration of California Cornerstones: Selected Images from The Bancroft Library Pictorial Collection, the Library of Congress' Averell Harriman Collection, and the Graves Pictorial Collection, Philadelphia, February 1995.

Presentation on the Berkeley Digital Library Initiatives, and demonstration of California Cornerstones: Selected Images from The Bancroft Library Pictorial Collection, the Library of Congress' Averell Harriman Collection, and the Graves Pictorial Collection to Quarterly Meeting of the Northern California SGML User Group, December 1994. Presentation summarized in "Using Today's Data in the Next Century & Beyond" in Spectrum (Berkeley: Center for Extreme Ultraviolet Astrophysics & Space Astrophysics Group), v. 2, no. 1, January 23, 1995.

Presentation on the Berkeley Finding Aid Project and demonstration of California Cornerstones: Selected Images from The Bancroft Library Pictorial Collection, the Library of Congress' Averell Harriman Collection, and the Graves Pictorial Collection to visiting archivists from the Russian Archives Federation (Rosarkhiv), December 1994.

Presentation on the Berkeley Finding Aid Project and demonstration of prototype finding aid for Library of Congress' Averell Harriman Collection and the Graves Pictorial Collection at National Archives and Records Administration, College Park, Maryland, November 1994.

Two presentations on the Berkeley Finding Aid Project and demonstrations of prototype finding aid for Library of Congress' Averell Harriman Collection and the Graves Pictorial Collection at the National Digital Library Visitor's Center at the Library of Congress, Washington, D.C., November 1994.

"The Berkeley Finding Aid Project: Standards in Navigation," paper presented at the American Research Libraries/Association of American University Presses 4th Symposium on Electronic Publishing on the Network, November 1994, Washington, D.C.

Demonstration of prototype finding aid for Graves Pictorial Collection at Invitational Workshop for Image Collection Implementors, Eastman Kodak Company, Rochester, September 1994.

Presentation on the Berkeley Finding Aid Project and demonstration of Graves Pictorial Collection of prototype database of finding aids at the Descriptive Section of the Society of American Archivists, September 1994, Indianapolis.

Presentation on the Berkeley Finding Aid Project and demonstration of Graves Pictorial Collection finding aid at Museum Computer Network, Computer Interchange of Museum Information Panel, September 1994, Washington, D.C.

Demonstration of finding aid for Graves Pictorial Collection for staff from the California Historical Society, Berkeley, July 1994.

Presentation on the Berkeley Finding Aid Project and demonstration of Graves Pictorial Collection finding aid at American Library Association, Rare Book and Manuscript Section Preconference, June 1994, Miami. Additional informal demonstration and discussion at the Manuscripts and Other Formats Discussion Group.

"Standard Generalized Markup Language and the Future of Cataloging," a paper presented at the North American Serials Interest Group, Vancouver, June 1994.

Presentation on the Berkeley Finding Aid Project and demonstration of prototype Graves Pictorial Collection finding aid at Workshop on Cataloging Electronic Texts, co-sponsored by the Text Encoding Initiative (TEI) and the Center for Electronic Texts in the Humanities (CETH), Somerset, New Jersey, May 1994. The presentation is summarized in CETH Workshop on Documenting Electronic Texts, May 16-18, 1994, Radisson Hotel, Somerset, NJ (New Brunswick, NJ: Center for Electronic Texts in the Humanities, 1994), p. 23-24.

Presentation on the Berkeley Finding Aid Project and demonstration of Graves Pictorial Collection at Research Libraries Group, Digital Image Access Project (DIAP) meeting at Stokes Imaging Services, Austin, Texas, May 1994.

"Sharing the Wealth: A Description of the Berkeley Finding Aid Project," paper presented in September 1993, at the Society of American Archivists Conference, New Orleans.

"The One and the Many: Cooperative Cataloging and Authority Control," paper presented at the Northern California Technical Processes Group of the California Library Association, April 1992.

"MARC and Purity of Thought in Cataloging: Another Look at Series Description and Access," paper presented at the 1989 Midwinter Meeting of the LITA/ALCTS CCS Interest Group on Authority Control in the Online Environment, in Washington D.C.

John Unsworth

"The Importance of Failure," in The Journal of Electronic Publishing, 3.2 (December, 1997).

"Networked Scholarship: The Effects of Advanced Technology on Research in the Humanities," in Gateways to Knowledge, ed. Larry Dowler. MIT Press, 1997.

"Electronic Scholarship" in The Literary Text in the Digital Age, ed. Richard Finneran. University of Michigan Press, 1996.

"Living Inside the (Operating) System," in Computer Networking and Scholarship in the 21st-Century University, ed. Teresa Harrison and Timothy D. Stephen. SUNY Press, 1996.

"William Gass's The Tunnel: The Work-in-Progress as Post-Modern Genre." Arizona Quarterly 48.1 (Spring, 1992): 63-85.

"Networked Academic Publishing and the Rhetorics of its Reception." with Eyal Amiran and Carole Chaski. Centennial Review 36.1 (Winter, 1992): 43-58.

"The Book Market II." in The Columbia History of the American Novel. Ed. Emory Elliot. New York: Columbia UP, 1991.

"Refereed Electronic Journals and the Future of Scholarly Publishing." With Elaine Orr and Eyal Amiran. in Advances in Library Automation and Networking. Ed. Joe Hewitt. Vol. 4. Greenwich, CT: JAI Press Inc., 1991.

"Practicing Post-Modernism: The Example of John Hawkes." Contemporary Literature 32.1 (Spring 1991): 38-57.

"Postmodern Culture: Publishing in the Electronic Medium." With Eyal Amiran. The Public-Access Computer Systems Review 2.1 (1991): 67-76.